The Netherlands Antilles, also referred to informally as the Dutch Antilles, was an autonomous Caribbean country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Though the country has dissolved, the islands are all still under the Kingdom with different legal status and the term is still used to refer to these Dutch Caribbean islands.
The University of the Netherlands Antilles (UNA) was formed by a national decree on the 12 of January 1979 (O.B. 1979 no. 12). The University was established after a number of developments that were very important for this formation...Currently the UNA has five faculties
• The Faculty of Law, which offers the study Bachelor and Master in Law.
• The Faculty of Engineering, which offers the bachelor programs Architecture and Civil Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Information Engineering and Electrical Systems. They also offer the following Master programs Construction Management & Engineering and Techno Master in Business Administration (Techno-MBA)
• The Faculty of Social Sciences and Economics which offers the degree programs Business Administration and Accounting.
• The Faculty of Arts, which offers a Bachelor degree and Masters degree teacher training program Papiamento, Dutch, English and Spanish.
• The Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, which offers the study Bachelor Social Work.
On February 19, 2002 the Netherlands Antilles offcially joined the International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) partnership with a letter from the Minister of Public Health and Social Development sent to the ICRI secretariat. In this letter the Minister acknowledges the importance of the coral reef resources to the islands of the Netherlands Antilles, both economically and for their great biodiversity value, and the need to manage them in a sustainable way. The Minister further notes the government's support for NACRI and expresses the support of the Netherlands Antilles for the ICRI partnership, and appoints the department of Environment and Nature (MINA), presently acting as NACRI coordinator, as the focal point for ICRI. The Dutch Minister of Nature Conservation, Laurens Jan Brinkhorst, had earlier sent a letter to the Netherlands Antilles indicating support for Kingdom membership of ICRI, and proposing, in recognition of the existence of the NACRI, that the Netherlands Antilles coordinate the participation of the Kingdom in the ICRI.
Coral reefs are found off all five main islands in the Netherlands Antilles. In fact, all five islands boast marine parks that encompass a significant fraction of those coral reefs. But recent events, including major groundings by a rice freighter and cruise ships in the last three years, coastal development and dredging, wastewater pollution, and increasing incidence of disease, highlight the need for nationwide government coordination and protection of these coral reefs.
Tourism, petroleum refining, and offshore finance are the mainstays of this small economy, which is closely tied to the outside world. Although GDP has declined or grown slightly in each of the past eight years, the islands enjoy a high per capita income and a well-developed infrastructure compared with other countries in the region. Most of the oil Netherlands Antilles imports for its refineries come from Venezuela. Almost all consumer and capital goods are imported, the US, Italy, and Mexico being the major suppliers. Poor soils and inadequate water supplies hamper the development of agriculture. Budgetary problems hamper reform of the health and pension systems of an aging population. The Netherlands provides financial aid to support the economy.
Military branches: no regular military forces; National Guard (2008)
Military service age and obligation: 16 years of age for National Guard recruitment; no conscription (2004)
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 55,365; females age 16-49: 57,060 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 46,461; females age 16-49: 47,325 (2009 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: male: 1,920; female: 1,827 (2009 est.)
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Bonaire: Democratic Alliance of Bonaire or PDB; Patriotic Union of Bonaire or UPB; Lista di Kambio.
Curacao: Democratic Party of Curacao or DP; Lista di Kambio (combined list of MAN, Forsa Korsou and Niun Paso Atras); Party for the Restructured Antilles or PAR; People's National Party or PNP; Pueblo Soberano or Sovereign Party; Workers' Liberation Front or FOL; Movement for Solution for Isla or MSI; Party for Emancipation or PPE.
Saba: Saba Labor Party; Windward Islands People's Movement or WIPM.
Sint Eustatius: Democratic Party of Sint Eustatius or DP-St. E; Progressive Labor Party.
Sint Maarten: Democratic Party of Sint Maarten or DP-St. M; National Alliance or NA; People's Progressive Alliance or PPA.
Note--political parties are indigenous to each island.
As for (autonomous) Aruba, it is one of the four constituent countries that form the Kingdom of the Netherlands, together with the Netherlands, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten where citizens share a single nationality.
The name 'Netherlands Antilles' is still sometimes used today to indicate the Caribbean islands which are part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The International Olympic Committee has withdrawn the charter of the Netherlands Antilles. No longer can athletes from Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, St. Eustatius or St. Maarten compete in international games under the flag of the Netherlands Antilles.
President of the IOC, Jacques Rogge announced the decision to end the existence of the (Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee) at a press conference yesterday.
The previous Netherlands Antilles, which had existed since 1954 as a country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, had experienced tensions between its different-sized island members over debt and revenue sharing.
While Dutch has been the official language throughout the six islands, in St. Maarten, Saba and St. Eustatius, English is widely spoken, while in Curacao and Bonaire the lingua franca has been Papiamentu, a mix of Portuguese and Spanish with traces of English, Dutch and French.
The two joined Aruba, which in 1986 had already gained this status that maintains direct ties with Holland, while three other islands, Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba, became autonomous special municipalities of the Netherlands in the dissolution of the 56-year-old Netherlands Antilles territory.
The Netherlands Antilles dissolved on October 10, 2010. Curacao and Sint Maarten (the Dutch two-fifths of the island of Saint Martin) became autonomous territories of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius now fall under the direct administration of the Netherlands.