Rwanda’s economic freedom score is 64.9, making its economy the 59th freest in the 2012 Index. Its score is 2.2 points better than last year, reflecting notable improvements in freedom from corruption, monetary freedom, and investment freedom. Rwanda is ranked 3rd out of 46 countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa region and achieved the fifth largest score improvement in the 2012 Index.
The positive economic results achieved through advancing economic freedom have created valuable momentum for additional institutional reforms that are needed to ensure long-term economic vitality. The weak rule of law and lingering corruption remain serious drags on economic development.
Most of Rwanda is situated at 5,000 ft (1,520 m) or higher, and the country has a rugged relief made up of steep mountains and deep valleys. The principal geographical feature is the Virunga mountain range, which runs north of Lake Kivu and includes Rwanda's loftiest point, Volcan Karisimbi (14,787 ft/4,507 m).
The Twa were the original inhabitants of Rwanda and were followed (c. 1000), and then outnumbered, by the Hutus. In the 14th or 15th cent., the Tutsis migrated into the area, gained dominance over the Hutus, and established several states. By the late 18th cent. a single Tutsi-ruled state occupied most of present-day Rwanda
Rwanda speaks many different languages! Most native Rwandans speak the native tongue - or Kinyarwanda. However, English and French are also common in Rwanda. English became prominent after many refugees returned from Rwanda from abroad. The majority of these refugees learned English.
Despite the impossibility of trials—due to the sheer numbers and also to the fact that
Rwanda’s courts were shut down for more than 2 years after the genocide—the
government carried out more than a hundred and twenty-five thousand arrests by
1997... Over the years, the government has been much
criticized by various human rights organizations for the prison conditions faced by
these detainees and for the amount of time that accused genocidaires are imprisoned
without trial. Its response has been to occasionally conduct mass releases and, since
2003, between fifty and sixty thousand inmates have been set free; the most recent
such release occurred on 19 February 2007, when eight thousand prisoners—
deemed not to be masterminds of the genocide—were released ‘‘to ease
overcrowding in the prisons and to foster reconciliation’
The UNWTO considers that Rwanda is endowed with excellent tourism assets for a small
country. Tourism has been identified as a priority sector to achieve the country’s development
goals, which are set out in its ‘Vision 2020’ strategy...Rwanda has made significant progress in developing and managing its tourism sector in recent years, having increased tourism revenue impressively
from US$26 million in 2005 to US$200 million in 2008
Gorilla trekking is the most popular tourism activity for international leisure tourists in
Rwanda. Those visiting the gorillas in the Parc National des Volcans tend to overnight in
local hotels (Sandbrook, 2009). There were 19 783 park visits in 2008, of which 16 937
were to see the mountain gorillas
Tutsi was a thriving aristocracy in Rwanda many years ago. Hutus were wealthy class of people and resembled the aristocrat Tutsi class. Germans while making a census of the Rwanda- Burundi area found that a Tutsi has more than ten cows in his possession and the stunning feature of their face was a long nose.
The Rwandan Genocide refers to a systematic campaign of killing targeted against Rwanda's Tutsi minority and many opposition members of the Hutu majority in 1994. It is estimated that from April 6 to the middle of July, between 800,000 to 1 million Rwandans were killed by Hutu militia groups. A mastermind behind the genocide,Theoneste Bagosora, was sentenced to life in prison on December 18, 2008 by a United Nations tribunal. 1