The United Arab Emirates, sometimes simply called the Emirates or the UAE, is a country situated in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing sea borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The population of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a mixture of different ethnic groups. Only 30% are UAE nationals and within this national group there are subgroups of different ethnic origins.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is the UK’s largest export market in the Middle East and North Africa. It is the UK’s 16th largest export of goods market at around £4.7 billion and is designated as one of the UK Trade & Investment High Growth Markets.
The U.A.E., which is a staunch U.S. ally, has increased its domestic surveillance in recent years against groups it considers as major threats to the country's stability and security, including people alleged to have ties with the Iranian regime or the Muslim Brotherhood, a group that leaders here believe have a plan to overthrow the Arab monarchs.
Years after the emirate's economy hit a wall and its corporate flagship, Dubai World, was forced to restructure nearly $25 billion in debt, Dubai is scaling back the double-digit growth goals it set for itself in 2007. Instead, the emirate, which boasts the world's tallest building and outlandish development projects such as a palm-tree-shaped artificial archipelago, is focusing on its economy's traditional strengths: tourism, trade, transportation and logistics.
Development supported and encouraged by government, economic policy reforms, streamlined foreign investment regulations, and the multicultural lifestyle afforded to nationals and expatriates are contributing to exemplary growth. Despite uncertainty in the regional political situation, the country is stable and at low risk.
In less than four decades, the nation has transformed from a tribal culture reliant on agriculture and fishing to an entrepreneurial success story with world-class infrastructure. The leadership has improved education (effectively eliminating illiteracy), advanced health care and embraced change as the UAE modernizes, consistent with its history and cultural values.
Unlike many Arab countries, the Emirates have emerged largely unscathed from the unrest that has spread across the region from the Arab Spring that began 18 months ago. But a debate on free speech and political freedom among Emiratis has emerged, as the leaders here try to maintain a balance between the more conservative character of their neighbors and a desire to preserve their status as a Western-style business hub.
In 1968, the U.K. announced its decision to end the treaty relationships with the seven Trucial Sheikhdoms which had been, together with Bahrain and Qatar, under British protection. The nine attempted to form a union of Arab emirates, but by mid-1971 they were unable to agree on terms of union. Bahrain became independent in August and Qatar in September, 1971. When the British-Trucial Sheikhdoms treaty expired on December 1, 1971, they became fully independent. On December 2, 1971, six of them entered into a union called the United Arab Emirates. The seventh, Ras al-Khaimah, joined in early 1972.
It was called Oman in the eighteenth century, the Trucial States during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and became the United Arab Emirates in 1971 after the British withdrew from the Gulf. The main distinction between the emirates is their varying levels of prosperity, with Abu Dhabi and Dubai the wealthiest at one end of the scale, and the small backwaters of Fujaira, RAK, and UAQ at the other.
The Permain to Holocene sediments of the United Arab Emirates consist mainly of epeiric shelf carbonates, associated with minor clastics and evaporites, reflecting major cycles of transgression and regression. These were deposited on the eastern margin of the Arabian Sheild, which lay along the southern margin of the Tethys Ocean during the Mesozoic-Cenozoic eras. Sedimentation patterns were controlled by prominent regional structural features, epeirogenic movements and/or sea-level fluctuations.The tectonic history of the UAE in the Mesozoic-Cenozoic is connected with the opening (Triassic) and closure (Upper Cretaceous-Paleogene) of the southern Neo-Tethys Ocean. The distinctive structural style, together with the tripartite development of source-reservoir-seal, has produced in the UAE one of the world's richest Jurassic - Cretaceous oil habitats. Significant oil discoveries have also been made in the Permian; Middle and Upper Jurassic; Lower-Middle-Upper Cretaceous and Oligo-Miocene carbonates.