In mid-September, the UN General Assembly voted to recognize the TNC as the legitimate interim governing body of Libya. Qaddafi was killed during fighting between the TNC and his loyalists on October 20, 2011.
Qaddafi modeled himself on Gamal Abd al-Nasser. But after a short period of experimentation with Nasser-style institutions, Qaddafi concluded that Libya was no Egypt. He shifted course and imposed a regime whose chief characteristics were megalomania, repression, and corruption.
There was no unified Libya until 1934, when the Italians, who had begun colonizing the territory that is now Libya two decades before, united their three separate colonies into one.
Unrest that began in several Middle East and North African countries in late December 2010 spread to several Libyan cities in early 2011. The Transitional National Council (TNC) was formed in Benghazi with the stated aim of overthrowing the Qaddafi regime
On November 21, 1949, the UN General Assembly passed a resolution stating that Libya should become independent before January 1, 1952. King Idris I represented Libya in the subsequent UN negotiations.
On September 1, 1969, a small group of military officers led by then 28-year-old army officer Mu’ammar Abu Minyar al-Qadhafi staged a coup d’état against King Idris, who was subsequently exiled to Egypt
For most of their history, the peoples of Libya have been subjected to varying degrees of foreign control. The Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Greeks, Romans, Vandals, and Byzantines ruled all or parts of Libya.
In 1911 Italy finds a trumped-up reason to send a 24-hour-ultimatum to Istanbul, demanding the presence of Italian troops in Tripolitania and Cyrenaica to protect the local Italian population. This is followed a day later by a declaration of war and almost immediate invasion of north Africa.
Moammar Gadhafi ruled Libya with an iron fist for more than four decades. He was an unpredictable, often brutal leader with a grand vision of himself. In the end, he squandered his country's wealth and lost the support of his people.
The Ottoman Turks conquered the country in the mid-16th century. Libya remained part of their empire, although at times virtually autonomous, until Italy invaded in 1911 and, in the face of years of resistance, made Libya a colony.