Pakistan is a sovereign country in South Asia. It sits at the crossroads of the strategically important regions of South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. Pakistan was created in 1947 as an independent nation for Muslims from the regions in the east and west of India where there was a Muslim majority.
Pakistan has the world's eighth-largest armed forces, which is generally well-trained and disciplined. However, budget constraints and nation-building duties have reduced Pakistan's training tempo, which if not reversed, could affect the operational readiness of the armed forces.
Although inflexible and barely implemented, Pakistan`s constitution does provide basic guarantees to the rights of individuals and institutions. However, historical accounts and empirical evidence paint a bleak picture in which the superior judiciary has been unable to handle or resolve delicate political, constitutional and conflicting matters regarding the delineation of centre-province relations, resource distribution, the division of power, equal representation, free and fair elections and human rights.
According to the National Disaster Management Authority, the current floods in Pakistan constitute the worst natural disaster in the country’s history. Back in 2005 Northern areas of Pakistan were struck with a powerful earthquake which lead thousands dead and millions homeless.
Agriculture is the mainstay of Pakistan's economy, employing more than 40% of the population. Cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables, and tobacco are the chief crops, and cattle, sheep, and poultry are raised. There is also a fishing industry. Most of Pakistan's agricultural output comes from the Indus basin.
Pakistan has an immense variety of minerals and natural resources. Large deposits of gypsum, limestone,chromite, iron ore, rock salt, silver, gold, precious stones, gems, marble, copper, coal, graphite, sulphur, fireclay and silica are found in abundance across Pakistan.
A closer glance at Pakistan’s tangible and intangible resources shows Pakistan has much raw potential to become the leading nation in the world and from some perspectives Pakistan is in a much better position then many of the industrialised nations were on the eve of their development.
The number of individual languages listed for Pakistan is 72. Of those, all are living languages.
Pakistan emerged from an extended period of agitation by Muslims in the subcontinent to express their national identity free from British colonial domination as well as domination by what they perceived as a Hindu-controlled Indian National Congress. Muslim anti-colonial leaders formed the All-India Muslim League in 1906. Initially, the League adopted the same objective as the Congress--self-government for India within the British Empire--but Congress and the League were unable to agree on a formula that would ensure the protection of Muslim religious, economic, and political rights.
Pakistan extends along either side of the historic Indus River, following its course from the mountain valleys of the Himalayas down to the Arabian Sea. Bordering on India, China, Afghanistan and Iran, it is strategically located astride the ancient trade routes between Asia and Europe.
Pakistan has one of the world's most rapidly growing populations. Its people are a mixture of many ethnic groups, a result of the occupation of the region by groups passing through on their way to India.