The Slovak Republic (short form: Slovakia i/sloʊˈvɑːkiə/ or /sləˈvækiə/; Slovak: Slovensko, long form Slovenská republika) is a landlocked state in Central Europe. It has a population of over five million and an area of about 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi). The largest city is the capital, Bratislava, and the second largest is Košice.
Among the well-known pieces of Slovakian art is the Venus of Monoravy from the Palaeolithic era, art forms from the stone and bronze age, and religious architecture from the Great Moravian Empire
Slovakia gained independence from Czechoslovakia on 1st January 1993. The same day, it formed its own constitution.
The capital of Slovakiais Bratislava, which is also the largest city of the country.
Slovakia boasts rugged mountains in its central and northern regions. The High Tatra alpine range houses Gerlachovsky stit, the highest peak at 8762 feet (2655 meters). The southern region is made up of fertile lowlands. There is, however, air pollution and acid rain.
Three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red superimposed with the Slovak emblem (a cross Lorraine atop 3 hills in a shield; the cross is white centered on a background of red and blue) centered on the hoist side.
The official language is Slovak, which belongs to the West-Slavian language group, together with Czech and Polish.
About 5.4 milion people speak Slovak inside Slovakia and another half million people use it outside Slovakia, especially in the United States, Canada and Australia, and some Slovakian minorities in Hungary and the Czech Republic.
Slovaks have the 2nd highest obesity rate in Europe (after the UK) and 4th highest in the world.
Slovakia became an independent nation in 1993 after a peaceful separation from the Czech Republic, but the country has a long history. From 1000 A.D. to 1918, it was part of the Hungarian Empire and at times its capital. From 1948-1989, it was under Communist domination as part of Czechoslovakia.
The population is about six million, 85% Slovak, 10% Hungarian, the rest other minorities. There is a 99% literacy rate.
Slovakia is in the heart of Europe, surrounded by the Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine, Hungary, and Austria.