Human rights in the People's Republic of China are a matter of dispute between the Chinese government, other countries, international NGOs, and dissidents inside the country. Organizations such as the U.S. State Department, Amnesty International, and Human Rights Watch have accused the Chinese government of restricting the freedoms of speech, etc.
Chinese-run copper mining companies in Zambia routinely violate labor laws and regulations intended to protect workers’ safety and their right to organize, according to a report released Thursday by Human Rights Watch.
An underground miner at Non-Ferrous China Africa, the longest-operating Chinese-owned copper mine in Zambia, told Human Rights Watch that workers were often forced to continue with their tasks even when faced with a dangerous situation.
"There is an extensive factual material about serious humanitarian crimes committed by the armed opposition, including abductions, torture, arbitrary detentions and assassinations of civilians," a Russian Foreign Ministry official told the Interfax news agency.
Konstantin Dolgov, the ministry's representative for human rights, democracy and law, mentioned the 25 videos uploaded on the Internet containing footage of tortures and killings.
China has found itself under increasing international pressure from several directions to improve its human rights record. Communist Party security officials appear to be expanding the use of extended home confinement, abductions and in some cases assault or torture against a broadening array of perceived enemies, according to rights advocates and legal experts, though Chinese authorities deny the existence of such measures.
Chen, the dauntless rural activist from Shandong province, had attempted to use the existing legal system to expose wide-ranging abuses of power by local officials, only to be sentenced in 2006 to more than four years in prison on trumped-up charges by a local court.
In China, serious human rights violations continue to be committed. This includes torture, execution (in which China is world leader), excessive use of force in public order policing, repression of dissent and forced repatriation of asylum seekers without recourse to a refugee determination procedure.
In Apple's Chinese factory where the buildings are swathed in nets after 12 workers committed suicides in a single year, a young girl emerges from the gates. Her job is to clean the iPhone screens before they are packaged. She says she is 13.
Working hours are a major issue. In China, 12 and 16 hour shifts are common. In 2008, 82% of factories violated Apple's limits – a 60 hour week with no less than one day off. By 2011, the number was 68%. In 2008, half violated wages codes by deducting salary as a disciplinary measure, or not providing pay slips. The figure was 30% last year.
This year U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton designated eight countries as Countries of Particular Concern. China is again among them. According to the report, China's government has "engaged in or tolerated particularly severe violations of religious freedom."
The whereabouts of attorney Gao Zhisheng remains unknown. Gao defended Falun Gong members and Christians who worshipped at unregistered churches. He disappeared in February 2009. Non-governmental organizations and press reports stated that he had been tortured during imprisonment in 2007 and again in 2009.
There has been a "disappointing" lack of progress towards a peaceful settlement in the disputed territory, and people are regularly "harassed" for their religious beliefs. More executions are also carried out in China than anywhere else in the world, and torture of prisoners is a "concern", according to the British Government.
China's thirst for oil is causing bloodshed. So says New York-based nongovernmental organization Human Rights First, which on Mar. 13 released a report linking China's rising imports of Sudanese oil with sales of Chinese small weapons to Khartoum, used to further the deadly conflict in the western region of Darfur
Instead of transferring payments to Iran owed from oil purchases, Chinese banks are using the money to buy goods on behalf of the Iranians and then shipping them to Iran.