Willard Mitt Romney (born March 12, 1947) is an American businessman and the presumptive nominee of the Republican Party for President of the United States in the 2012 election. He was the 70th Governor of Massachusetts (2003–07). The son of Lenore and George W. Romney (Governor of Michigan, 1963–69), he was raised in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.
Romney served as Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007. Romney is wealthy. Assets for him and his wife, Ann, worth an estimated $190 million to $250 million, according to 2011 documents released by his campaign. A separate financial disclosure form filed with Federal Election Commission around the same time stated that Romney's assets could be worth as much as $264 million.
During the course of his political career, his positions or rhetorical emphasis shifted more towards American conservatism in several areas, though his stances on many other issues have been consistent; this process continued with Romney becoming a candidate for the Republican nomination in the 2008 U.S. presidential election. In that contest, he won several caucus and primary contests, but ultimately lost to John McCain. Since then he has published a book, No Apology: The Case for American Greatness, and also given speeches and raised campaign funds on behalf of fellow Republicans.
Romney would seek in immediate cut in non-defense discretionary spending by 5 percent. Beyond that, he’d seek to cap government spending at 20 percent of the Gross Domestic Product, along with a Balanced Budget Amendment to the Constitution. Romney supports repealing the recent Dodd-Frank Wall Street reform legislation, and would pursue tort reform.Romney would transform Medicaid into a block grant program for states, but is less specific about his plans for Social Security and Medicare; he’s suggested possibly raising the retirement age or means-testing benefits as possible Social Security reforms.
Romney would direct the Department of Energy to review domestic energy production capacity. On the environment, Romney would seek a re-write of the Clean Air Act to bar regulation of carbon emissions, and encourage new nuclear energy. Romney considers himself in opposition to abortion rights and has pledged to appoint jurists who share a similar legal view.Romney says marriage should be between one man and one woman, and that this determination should be made at the federal level.
Mitt Romney's political career began in 1994 when he switched his party affiliation from Independent to Republican during his unsuccessful campaign against U.S. Sen. Ted Kennedy of Massachusetts. After contributing $6 million of his own money to his campaign, Romney was elected governor in 2002, serving only one term. He unsuccessfully ran for the Republican presidential nomination in 2008.
Romney is a Mormon, a member of the Church of Latter Day Saints. Romney graduated from Brigham Young University in 1971 and then earned degrees from Harvard Law School and Harvard Business School.The Romneys married in 1969, have five sons and 16 grandchildren. His father was governor of Michigan. Romney helped found Bain Capital, an investment firm that bought and sold companies. He took over the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City after a bribery scandal.
He served as a Mormon missionary in France. Romney is a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, also known as the Mormon Church. He married Ann Davies in 1969; they have five sons, Tagg, Matt, Josh, Ben and Craig.
Mitt Romney’s run for the Republican nomination for U.S. President in 2012 has provoked a fresh round of debates about the relevance of his Mormon faith to his viability as a presidential candidate. However, the mere label Mormon does not really tell us very much about Romney as an individual. Any discussion of the issue should proceed from a broad understanding of Romney’s background in Mormonism.
Willard Mitt Romney, the son of George W. Romney (the former Michigan Governor) and Lenore Romney, was born on March 12, 1947, in Detroit, Michigan. Mitt Romney was raised in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. He attended the prestigious Cranbrook School and then received his undergraduate degree from Brigham Young University in 1971. He attended Harvard Business School and Harvard Law School and in 1975 received both an M.B.A. and a law degree
Mitt Romney’s great-great-grandfather was Parley Pratt, a Mormon apostle who had twelve wives. His great-grandparents were polygamous Mormons who moved to Mexico because of U.S. anti-polygamy laws. Miles Park Romney had five wives—including one taken in 1897, more than six years after the “Manifesto” supposedly announcing a ban on plural marriage in the LDS Church.