A Democrat and Independent in the 1970s, and a Republican since the 1980s, Giuliani served in the United States Attorney's Office, for the Southern District of New York, eventually becoming U.S. Attorney. He prosecuted a number of high-profile cases, including ones against organized crime and Wall Street financiers.
Rudy Giuliani emerged from the smoke of 9/11 as the unquestioned hero of the day: America's Mayor, the father figure we could all rely on to be tough, to be wise, to do the right thing. In that uncertain time, it was a comfort to know that he was on the scene and in control, making the best of a dire situation.
While the pictures of a soot-covered Giuliani making his way through the streets became very much a part of his personal mythology, they were also a symbol of one of his greatest failures. The mayor's performance, though marked by personal courage and grace under fire, followed two terms in office pursuing an utterly wrongheaded approach to the city's security against terrorism.
On Nov. 10, 2006, quietly and with no fanfare, Giuliani filed papers with New York State establishing the Rudy Giuliani Presidential Exploratory Committee, Inc. "to conduct federal 'testing-the-waters' activities." On Nov. 20, again quietly, Giuliani took another small step, filing papers with the FEC for his exploratory committee.
By mid January 2002 Guiliani was hard at work starting up Giuliani Partners LLC, a consulting firm focusing primarily on security. He brought a number of his aides from the Mayor's office with him. A year later, in January 2003, Giuliani was in Mexico City, where business leaders put up a reported $4.2 million for advice from his firm on policing and cutting crime. That effort later received decidely mixed reviews. Other projects have included a review of electronic wagering systems for the National Thoroughbred Racing Association and an evaluation of the possible risks of importing Canadian and foreign medicines for the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA). In December 2004 Guiliani Partners substantially broadened its scope, acquiring Ernst & Young Corporate Finance LLC and forming Guiliani Capital Advisors LLC, focusing on investment banking [sold to the Macquarie Group, an Australian firm, in early March 2007]. Additionally Giuliani earned substantial fees, reportedly $100,000 per speech, for talking to various groups and conferences on subjects such as "Principles of Leadership" and "Leadership in Difficult Times." He is represented by the Washington Speakers Bureau.
Following the 2001 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center, Giuliani won international regard for his vigor and sensitivity in leading the city as it coped with the disaster. He retired in 2001, and Michael R. Bloomberg succeeded him as mayor. In 2007–8, he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Republican presidential nomination.
Giuliani was known for his successful high-profile prosecutions of Mafia bigwigs and Wall Street miscreants. A Republican, he narrowly won the New York City mayoralty in 1993, defeating the incumbent, David Dinkins, who had bested him by a slim margin in 1989. Running largely on a successful reduction in city crime, he won reelection in 1997. In 2000 he was the all-but-announced Republican candidate for the U.S. Senate, running against Hillary Rodham Clinton, but ill health and the breakup of his marriage led him to withdraw.
In 1993, 1.1 million New Yorkers were receiving welfare. To bring an end to a philosophy that encouraged dependency on public assistance, Giuliani implemented the largest workfare program in the nation. Since his welfare reforms were enacted in March of 1995, 340,000 people have been moved off the rolls, saving $650 million annually in city, state and federal funds.
Upon graduation Giuliani got his first job as a Clerk for Judge Lloyd MacMahon in New York. Giuliani then joined the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York. Three years later, in 1973, Giuliani was named Chief of the Narcotics unit and was an executive U.S. attorney.
Rudy Giuliani was born in 1944 in Brooklyn as an only child of Italian immigrants. Giuliani bounced around schools and neighborhoods as a kid and considered priesthood as a career. He attended Manhattan College, serving as class president his sophomore year.
Giuliani is also credited with introducing a new level of accountability and higher standards of performance into the school system. Working with Board of Education Chancellor Rudolph Crew, school based budgeting has been enacted, providing for an accurate account of Board of Education spending. New programs aimed at providing computers, arts education, and tutoring, have also been implemented. Reading and math scores are now on the rise.