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Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman, America's 33rd president, was born on May 8, 1884, in Lamar, Missouri. Serving as vice president for only 82 days, he succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt, upon his death on April 12, 1945


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Marlon Martinez

Marlon Martinez

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Curated Facts

Recognition of Israel

Truman was a key figure in the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine.

At the urging of the British, a special U.N. committee recommended the immediate partitioning of Palestine into two states, and with Truman's support, this initiative was approved by the General Assembly in 1947.

Source: Dewey Defeats Truman

The defining image of the campaign came after Election Day, when Truman held aloft the erroneous front page of the Chicago Tribune that featured a huge headline proclaiming "Dewey Defeats Truman".

Source: Dewey Defeats Truman

3. Statement by the President Announcing the Use of the A-Bomb at Hiroshima

August 6, 1945

The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl Harbor. They have been repaid many fold. And the end is not yet. With this bomb we have now added a new and revolutionary increase in destruction to supplement the growing power of our armed forces. In their present form these bombs are now in production and even more powerful forms are in development.

Article: Truman Library - Public P...
Source: Truman Library

President Harry S. Truman issued Executive Order 9981, which declared “that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion or national origin.” In short, it was an end to racial segregation in the military, a political act unmatched since the days of Reconstruction after the Civil War

Source: Welcome to the Army Histo...

Truman's Fair Deal program managed to extend Social Security to 10 million additional people, provided flood control, and raised the minimum wage to 75 cents an hour, but failed to win national health insurance and more assistance for farmers.

Article: Harry S. Truman
Source: United States American Hi...

Truman, Harry S. (8 May 1884-26 Dec. 1972), thirty-third president of the United States, was born in Lamar, Missouri, the son of John Anderson Truman, a farmer and livestock trader, and Martha Ellen Young.

Article: Truman, Harry S.
Source: Oxford University Press

Washington, Wednesday, April 11 - President Truman early today relieved General of the Army Douglas MacArthur of all his commands in the Far East and appointed Lieut. Gen. Mathew B. Ridgway as his successor.

Article: Truman Relieves M'Arthur ...
Source: The New York Times - Brea...

When a reporter asked why he did not become a candidate himself, considering that the next vice president might likely "succeed to the throne," Truman shook his head and replied, "Hell, I don't want to be President." Harry Truman felt content to stay in the Senate, where he had spent the happy years.

Article: U.S. Senate: Art & Hi...
Source: Senate

The Truman Doctrine was the name given to a policy announced by US President Harry Truman on March 12th, 1947. The Truman Doctrine was a very simple warning clearly made to the USSR – though the country was not mentioned by name – that the USA would intervene to support any nation that was being threatened by a takeover by an armed minority.

Article: The Truman Doctrine
Source: History Learning Site

One of the most important decisions made by Truman or possibly any other president was the use of the atomic bombs in Japan. He ordered two bombs: one against Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 and one against Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. Truman's goal was to stop the war quickly avoiding further losses of allied troops. Japan sued for peace on August 10th and surrendered on September 2, 1945.

Article: Harry S Truman - Thirty-T...
Source: American History From Abo...