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Herbert Hoover

Herbert Hoover

Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was the 31st President of the United States (1929–33). Hoover was originally a professional mining engineer and author.

 

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Writings: The Challenge of Liberty (1934), America’s First Crusade (1942), Memoirs (3 vols., 1951-52), The Ordeal of Woodrow Wilson (1958)

Article: American President: Herbe...
Source: University of Virginia

1958: Hoover served as the United States representative to the World's Fair in Brussels, Belgium - his last official act.

Article: Herbert Hoover: Chronolog...
Source: Herbert Hoover Presidenti...

1953: Headed Second Hoover Commission to study executive branch for President Eisenhower.

Article: Herbert Hoover: Chronolog...
Source: Herbert Hoover Presidenti...

Buried: West Branch, Iowa

Article: American President: Herbe...
Source: University of Virginia

Died: October 20, 1964, New York City, New York

Article: American President: Herbe...
Source: University of Virginia

1947, Truman agreed that Hoover should be chairman of the newly created Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch, later known as the Hoover Commission. As chairman, Hoover continued to work closely with President Truman to enact the commission's recommendations and to streamline post-war government.

Article: Biographical Sketches: He...
Source: Hoover Presidential Libra...

In late May 1945, only six weeks after Roosevelt's death, Hoover met with President Harry Truman and the two men planned for the recovery of postwar Europe.

Article: Biographical Sketches: He...
Source: Hoover Presidential Libra...

he lost to Franklin D. Roosevelt in the presidential election of 1932. Hoover devoted a large part of the next dozen years to the Republican fight against the New Deal believing that Roosevelt would compromise the American political system through excessive government programs.

Article: Biographical Sketches: He...
Source: Hoover Presidential Libra...

Hoover's attempts to solve the economic crisis were mostly unsuccessful. Recession quickly became depression and as the number of unemployed continued to grow, so did the public's level of dissatisfaction.

Article: Biographical Sketches: He...
Source: Hoover Presidential Libra...

following the stock market "crash" of October 1929, the president became increasingly preoccupied with the collapse of the American economy. In response to the crisis, Hoover established several new agencies and also funded public works projects in the hope of stimulating the economy and getting the nation back to work.

Article: Biographical Sketches: He...
Source: Hoover Presidential Libra...

he devoted the first eight months of his presidency to a variety of social, economic, and environmental reforms.

Article: Biographical Sketches: He...
Source: Hoover Presidential Libra...

When Calvin Coolidge declined to run for reelection in 1928, Hoover was a logical candidate for the Republican nomination and he defeated Alfred E. Smith, the Democratic governor of New York, in a landslide.

Article: Biographical Sketches: He...
Source: Hoover Presidential Libra...

This increase in output enabled America to produce items that were cheaper than those manufactured by her European competitors. Inflation remained low while incomes increased by an average of 35% during this period.

Article: Herbert Hoover : Biograph...
Source: Spartacus Educational

In 1920 Warren Harding appointed Hoover as his Secretary of Commerce. Over the next seven years Hoover was associated with the successful growth in the American economy. Companies in the United States began to make full use of what became known as mass production.

Article: Herbert Hoover : Biograph...
Source: Spartacus Educational

When the United States entered the war in 1917, Woodrow Wilson used Hoover's experience by making him as national food administrator. This gave him responsibility for distributing 18,500,000 tons of food to the Allies.

Article: Herbert Hoover : Biograph...
Source: Spartacus Educational

Hoover was made head of American Relief Commission (1914-15) and chairman of the American Relief Commission for Relief in Belgium (1915-19).

Article: Herbert Hoover : Biograph...
Source: Spartacus Educational

He married his Stanford sweetheart, Lou Henry, and they went to China, where he worked for a private corporation as China's leading engineer.

Article: Herbert Hoover
Source: White House Historical As...

Born in an Iowa village in 1874, he grew up in Oregon. He enrolled at Stanford University when it opened in 1891, graduating as a mining engineer.

Article: Herbert Hoover
Source: White House Historical As...
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