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Nicolas Sarkozy

Nicolas Sarkozy

Nicolas Sarkozy, born Nicolas Paul Stéphane Sarközy de Nagy-Bocsa; 28 January 1955) is a French politician who served as the 23rd President of France from 16 May 2007 until 15 May 2012.

 

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Nikita Sidana

Nikita Sidana

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Awards and Honors for Nicolas Sarkozy:-

Nicolas Sarkozy was greeted by different awards and honors:-

Grand Cross of the Ordre National du Merite in 2007.
Grand Cross of the Legion d’honneur in 2007.
Grand Cross of the Order of Charles-III in 2004
Commander of the Ordre de Leopold.

Along with the David Beckham and Brad Pitt Nicolas Sarkozy was also considered s the 68th best dressed man by the Vanity Fair magazine. Nicolas Sarkozy was always in news regarding his affairs.

Article: Nicolas Sarkozy: The Poli...
Source: Nicolas Sarkozy: The Poli...

nicolas sarkozy enters politics, is youngest mayor
In 1977, Nicolas Sarkozy joined the Neuilly-sur-Seine political spectrum as a councillor, representing the RPR party. Because his mother worked for mayor Achille Peretti, Nicolas Sarkozy became friendly with him and, when Peretti passed away suddenly in 1983, Nicolas Sarkozy started a campaign to replace him. His subsequent victory made Nicolas Sarkozy the youngest mayor in a French town of more than 50,000 people. He would hold the post until 2002, with one of his most important moments being a 1993 hostage crisis that had him talking directly to a school gunman who was subsequently killed.

During his tenure as mayor, Nicolas Sarkozy also entered federal politics, starting as a cabinet spokesman and Minister of the Budget in 1993, then becoming a Minister of Finance in 2004, and later a Minister of the Interior in 2005. Some of his key moves in these positions involved implementing an increased police force and greater road-safety measures. At the same time, his supporters and even his critics felt he had his eye on the presidential office.

Article: Nicolas Sarkozy
Source: AskMen

After 12 years of Chirac, Sarkozy was a breath of fresh air, internally and internationally. He brought France back into Europe. He changed the face of French politics by limiting the number of presidential mandates, by institutionalising the control of the Elysée's budget by France's national audit office, and by allowing the opposition to hold powerful offices (such as chair of the finance select committee in the national assembly). He opened the way for a more efficient state by cutting one out of two civil service jobs over five years and by merging unemployment agencies into one. He reformed French universities, allowing them to compete internationally; he reformed France's pension system as well as rules governing strikes in public transport. Thanks to him, France is not a gridlocked country crippled by strikes anymore.

He could have done more, many would argue, he should have done more. But conservatism in France is strong, and after 30 years of status quo one cannot reform a country in five. Many, from both left and right and for different reasons, hoped Sarkozy would be France's Margaret Thatcher. They were wrong; France does not have the UK's ability to accept and adapt to change so quickly.

Some would say that Sarkozy's personality has been the main flaw of his presidency, but they tend to forget it was his personality that got him into the Elysée in the first place. The French may not have liked his manners or the way he wears his heart on his sleeve, but in 2007 they elected Sarkozy because of his personality not in spite of it. What changed? At that time the country thought it was ready for reforms but four years of crises changed its mood.

Article: Nicolas Sarkozy
Source: Nicolas Sarkozy
Nikita Sidana

Nikita Sidana

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On 6 May 2012, Sarkozy was defeated in the 2012 election by Socialist François Hollande

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First, Nicolas has the hallmark of any true leader: a capacity to take decisions and implement them. He sees a problem and wants to solve it. What's more, he believes he can.

Second, he is prepared to think outside the box. Reflect for a moment, and the construction of his government in France is a remarkable achievement. His Foreign Minister — the immensely capable Bernard Kouchner — is a Socialist, as are several other ministers. Nicolas has adopted bipartisanship with not only a natural grace but also a wholehearted and sincere embrace. He stands in the modern postideological mold. He wants to get things done, and he wants the best people to do them.

Nicolas recognizes the value of a broad base and of consensus to provide the context for his policies. This is not so that there can be a politics of the lowest common denominator but so as to ensure that no necessary radical step is seen as an act of ideology rather than one of necessity. And we should not omit from the list of his achievements the appointment of France's first black female and Muslim ministers — or, indeed, the feel of a government of youth and vigor.

With such an attitude, Nicolas' political opponents are often surprised and confounded, left uncertain as to how to retain their own bearings in the changing political landscape created by his maneuvers. People can accuse him of acting from lack of political principle. He can just as easily say he is acting with a lack of party prejudice.

Third, he has put France on the map. He has a high profile and a real standing in the world. You agree or disagree with him: you can't ignore him. This is not to be underestimated in modern politics. It gives a country traction, it draws in allies, and it helps create a sense that other countries need to befriend a nation on the rise, one whose view counts. Nicolas' reaching out to the U.S., under President Bush, was not expected except by those who knew him. But it has been effective. The U.S. sees him as an ally. The disputes of the past have not been forgotten, but they have been put to one side.

Today France can play a role in the Israel-Palestine question. In June, Nicolas went to the Knesset and did a typically Sarkozy thing. He exhibited that he understood Israeli anxieties and concerns. He showed himself a friend. He then delivered a sharp and direct message, saying that "there can be no peace without stopping settlement." The message was all the more telling precisely because it was from someone who genuinely came across as a supporter of Israel, not someone indifferent to it.

Fourth, he showed, as President of the European Union, that he knows how to take center stage and get action. The differences within Europe over exactly the right action to stimulate the European economy will remain. But under his leadership, Europe looked as if it were acting in concert. He reached out to Britain, though it is not a member of the euro zone. The G-20 summit in November with President Bush, for which Nicolas had advocated, yielded as much as could be reasonably anticipated in the circumstances. There was a dynamism surrounding the French E.U. presidency that was impressive and important. In the crisis over Georgia, for example, where Nicolas brokered a cease-fire, you felt Europe had a voice, a presence and a policy. It has not always been so when a crisis has occurred.

Article: Person of the Year
Source: TIME

Tenure as President

Nicolas Sarkozy became the sixth elected President of the French Fifth republic on May 16, 2007 and the first French President to have been born after the Second World War. Witnessed by his wife and children, mother and formerly estranged father, the ceremony saw him being presented with the Grand Master's Collar, which is given to every newly-elected President as a symbol of his function as Grand Master of the Legion of Honor.

Nicolas Sarkozy replaced Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin with Francois Fillon and inducted four left wing leaders, including Medecins Sans Frontieres founder Bernard Kouchner, in the 15-member cabinet. he appointed Kouchner as his foreign minister.

Article: Nicolas Sarkozy (January ...
Source: Nicolas Sarkozy, Biograph...
Nikita Sidana

Nikita Sidana

30 Knowledge Cards 

May 2007 - Sarkozy, a conservative former interior minister, is elected president on a platform of "work more to earn more," vowing to break with past inertia and restore full employment.

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Mr Sarkozy brought in some early reforms, including to universities and special pension regimes for public-sector workers. But as he acknowledged on television recently, he also made mistakes, and his reforms lost momentum). Now he has embarked on a new round of changes, starting with the "economic modernisation" measures introduced this week by his finance minister, Christine Lagarde...

Article: Sarkozy's difficult year ...
Source: The Economist (US)

During his time as the President of France, Sarkozy has succeeded in bringing several changes to the country. One of the first achievements was offering aid in securing the release of a Franco-Columbian politician, Ingrid Betancourt, who was being held by a guerilla left-wing faction in the Columbian jungle. He negotiated directly with those who held her captive, and in 2008 she was released.

Sarkozy also managed to make significant strides with regards to the environment. During his 2007 presidential campaign he announced that the UMP would impose taxes on companies that exceeded a certain amount of pollution, charging them by the ton. He also made a promise that by 2050, France would reduce its greenhouse emissions by 50%, and his efforts towards creating a better environment resulted in Yale and Columbia universities deciding France was the most green country out of the G20.

In 2010, France was heavily criticized for its lack of involvement in the unrest that occurred in Tunisia and Egypt. Despite this, Sarkozy was instrumental in aiding the Libyan rebels in diminishing the powers of Colonel Gadaffi, the autocratic leader of the country. Alongside Britain, France intervened and vigorously supported a no fly zone over the country. The two countries worked with America to secure freedom for the Libyan people.

Sarkozy's intervention in Libya wasn't his only success in the international political arena, he also strengthened France's relationship with the United Kingdom and the USA. As well as dedicating himself to strengthening the agreements made with the UK in the 1904 entente cordiale, he also negotiated more with President Barack Obama, securing a strengthened political resolve when it came to international affairs.

Article: nicolas sarkozy controver...
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Studies

Sarkozy was enrolled in the Lycée Chaptal, a state-funded (public) middle and high school in the 8th arrondissement, where he failed his sixième (equivalent to sixth grade in the US and Year 7 in England and Wales). His family then sent him to the Cours Saint-Louis de Monceau, a private Catholic middle and high school in the 17th arrondissement, where he was reportedly a mediocre pupil[citation needed], but where he nonetheless obtained his baccalauréat in 1973. He enrolled at the Université Paris X Nanterre, where he read law and graduated with a master's degree in Business law. Paris X – Nanterre had been the starting place for the May '68 student movement and was still a strong birth for leftist student unions. Although described as a quiet student, Sarkozy soon joined the right-wing union of the university where he was very active. After graduating, he briefly attended the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris, but did not graduate. After passing the bar exam, he became a lawyer specializing in French business law and family law, skills which he would later put to use in divorcing his first wife and helping his mother take legal action against his father in order to raise alimony.

Article: Nicolas Sarkozy
Source: France tours, France vaca...

French President Nicolas Sarkozy was a child model who advertised washing powder to raise cash for his impoverished mother, it emerged today.

As a 12-year-old schoolboy in Paris he promoted Bonux, one of the leading brands of the day.

Publicity shots from 1967 show the young Sarkozy in a blue T-Shirt and a Boris Johnson-style blonde bob of hair.

Article: Biography of Nicolas SARK...
Source: Biography of Nicolas SARK...

He has been a Gaullist since childhood, and it is i n the Gaullist Party that he has always pursued his political career. He was still a young party militant when he was elected town councillor in Neuilly, in 1977. Si x years later, he was elected Mayor, and kept being reelected to this post for 19 years. He was also elected Regional councillor for Ile-de-France, and Member o f the National Assembly and of the European Parliament. Since 2004, he has serv ed as President of the council of the Départment des Hauts-de-Seine.

Article:   Nicolas Sarkozy's biograp…
Source:  Offline Book/Journal

Mr Sarkozy, who is twice divorced, has a daughter with his current wife, former supermodel Carla Bruni, as well as a son from his second marriage and two sons from his first marriage.
Carla Bruni, file image His relationship with Carla Bruni was the main media focus after he took power

Revealing a personal side in a pre-election interview, Mr Sarkozy said: "Divorce is painful. It is a rupture. And often it is the children who pay the bill."

His romance with Carla Bruni grabbed the headlines when he became president in 2007. For a time the media appeared more interested in his love life than the issues facing the country.

Such publicity was a departure from the French tradition of presidential privacy.

Yet when Mrs Bruni-Sarkozy gave birth to baby Giulia the pregnancy was kept well away from the media glare, in an apparent return to the traditional, monarchical style of the French presidency.

Despite his achievements in office, Mr Sarkozy suffered painfully low popularity ratings.

Article: Profile: Nicolas Sarkozy
Source: BBC News

One of Sarkozy's first orders of business was to strengthen France's relationship with the United States, which had been chilly since Jacques Chirac refused to send troops to Afghanistan. Sarkozy promised—and delivered—troops to aid in the war, and France rejoined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's military structure in 2009.

Almost immediately after entering office, Sarkozy began to negotiate with Colombian President Álvaro Uribe and the guerilla group Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, in an attempt to secure the release of hostages, particularly Ingrid Betancourt, a dual French/Colombian citizen. France opposed a military effort and preferred diplomatic negotiations, but in 2008, Colombian forces, with American guidance, successfully rescued 15 hostages without informing France.

In July of 2007, Sarkozy announced that France, along with other European countries, had obtained the release of the six Bulgarian nurses who had been held in Libya for more than eight years.

In order to secure their extradition, he signed security, health-care and immigration pacts with Muammar Gaddafi. He also signed an arms trade agreement, sparking controversy and a criticism that he had bartered arms for hostages with a "rogue state." Sarkozy, as well as Bulgarian officials, deny that the two deals were related.

Sarkozy's environmental policies were more popular. During the 33rd G8 summit, he announced that France would attempt to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 50 percent by 2050, in an effort to reduce global warming. In 2010, France was ranked No. 1 on Yale University's Environmental Performance Index.

Article: Nicolas Sarkozy biography
Source: Nicolas Sarkozy Biography

Nicolas Sarkozy is the son of a Hungarian immigrant father, "Pál Sárközy de Nagy-Bócsa" (Hungarian: nagybócsai Sárközy Pál; some sources spell it Nagy-Bócsay Sárközy Pál; ) and a mother of French Catholic and Greek Jewish descent, "Andrée Mallah". His Greek-born grandfather, Benico Mallah (former Aaron Mallah), was a physician from Thessaloniki. Benico, who left for France to become a doctor, was the son of Mordechai Mallah, one of the eight sons of Aaron Mallah, founder of the Rabbinical School of Thessaloniki.

Article: Nicolas Sarkozy Biograph...
Source: Nicolas Sarkozy Biography

Born in Paris, France, in 1955, Sarkozy is the son of a Hungarian immigrant father and a French mother of Greek Jewish heritage. Educated as a lawyer, Sarkozy spent several years practicing law before entering the political world. A longtime politician, he began his career when he became a council member in the upscale Paris suburb of Neuilly-sur-Seine in 1977, when he was twenty-two years old...

Article: Sarkozy, Nicolas 1955-
Source: Contemporary Authors
Nikita Sidana

Nikita Sidana

30 Knowledge Cards 

President of the French Republic: 2007–2012.

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