The advantages of being white include learning the history of one's own race in school, to seeing members of one's own ethnic group widely represented in the media, to being confident that job refusals are not based on one's race.
Resources attained as the result of racist policies made upward mobility an exclusive "white" privilege. People of color provided the labor for the most back-breaking and dangerous work needed for developing the country, thus forming an underclass from which all whites benefited
As a result, researchers have begun to examine whiteness and to define it in terms of social impact. Such research concentrates on "white privilege" - the differences in power between whites and non-whites, and the advantages white people automatically take for granted.
White privilege is about experience on an individual level, in addition to a web of institutional and cultural preferential treatment. It is not only our own personal experiences, but about how society may be structured to provide opportunities for some and challenges for others.
Privilege, particularly white or male privilege is hard to see for those of us who were born with access to power and resources. It is very visible to whom privilege was not granted. Furthermore, the subject is extremely difficult to talk about because many white people don't feel powerful or as if they have privileges that others do not.
White privilege, she wrote, provides tangible, subtle and psychological benefits. If you are white, for example, you can expect that you won't be asked to speak for all members of your race. If you go shopping, you can be pretty sure you won't be followed.
For some whites, the share of benefits is greater or lesser than it is for others, depending on, among other things, the dynamics of social class. But one thing is certain: collectively, the white population of the United States now holds an enormous unearned advantage of wealth and power. And regardless of what kind of people we are as individuals or what we have or have not done ourselves, that advantage cannot be uncoupled from the history of race and racism in this country.
White privilege is as little as being able to find "flesh-colored" bandages that match your skin, McIntosh wrote, and as big as taking "a job with an affirmative action employer without having coworkers on the job suspect that I got it because of race."
Anti-immigrant discourse claim racism is not part of their argument and law enforcement deny depending upon racial profiling. Using specific cases from Arizona, Professor Romero will unravel the past racist and sexist attacks against African American women reappearing in anti-immigrant discourse against Mexicans and identify ways of racial profiling used by federal and local immigrant agents that are gendered, class-based, racialized. Both discourse and law enforcement perpetuate the notion of white citizenship and protect their rights at the cost of citizens of color.
White privilege is an institutional (rather than personal) set of benefits granted to those of us who, by race, resemble the people who dominate the powerful positions in our institutions. One of the primary privileges is that of having greater access to power and resources than people of color do; in other words, purely on the basis of our skin color doors are open to us that are not open to other people.