The term "forward" became part of the jargon of the myriad communist movements of the Third World and their fellow travelers. Even after the fall of the Berlin Wall, and even in democratic states, Soviet-aligned liberation parties--such as South Africa's African National Congress--echoed the "forward" cry.
President Thabo Mbeki, the successor to Nelson Mandela--and more closely aligned wth his party's communist wing--used "forward" frequently, as in a 2005 speech to his party's National General Council, entitled: "Forward to the People's Contract!"
Communist leaders frequently used--and still use--the word "forward" as an imperative verb, not as an adverb, usually at the conclusion of speeches or articles. It conveys a spirit of collective action and unity--as well as the conviction of the left that its ideas represent progress.
The term also has military connotations, evoking an order to charge on the battlefield--and it has been used that way, both for good and ill. Stalin, for example, exhorted his nation in the closing days of the Second World War: "Forward to the final rout of Hitlerite Germany!"
In 1911, the Italians attacked Libya in North Africa. Mussolini led demonstrations against this attack in Forli. He was arrested and sent to prison for five months. However, his action had got him noticed by socialist movements outside of Forli. He was rewarded with the job of editor of "Avanti" (Forward) the socialist newspaper – an appointment he got in April 1912. Most of the contents in the paper he did himself. The popularity of the paper increased and his views reached many people and thus expanded his influence.
Our organization also participates in the housing movement. In our political work, whether it involves trade unions or housing, we come into contact with one and the same group—the working class. For the problems faced by those who constitute this enormous social category make themselves felt both in and outside the workplace. The housing movement has become a part of the broader democratic, anti-capitalist movement. In the winter and spring of 2006, VPERED participated in protests against utilities rate hikes in Moscow, Moscow Oblast, Saratov, and Tyumen.
The VPERED (“Forward”) Socialist Movement is a Russian revolutionary Marxist organization that was founded in 2005. It works in several regions of Russia: Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Saint Petersburg, Saratov, Tyumen, and Yaroslavl.
A Marxist organization cannot exist without deep ties to the revolutionary tradition. VPERED considers itself an heir to the legacy of Bolshevism, the International Left Opposition, and the Fourth International, as well as the riches of creative Marxist thought, worker self-organization throughout the world, the anti-imperialist struggle, and the proletarian resistance to bureaucratic dictatorship in the USSR.
Similar fate befell the "forward" in the era of National Socialism. The trigger for the ban was a caricature Erich Ohser. Again had the creative minds flee abroad . This time it was only after Prague and later to Paris. Again they smuggled their ideas and beliefs to Germany, now packaged in the name " New forward. "
(ORIGINAL GERMAN TEXT) Ähnliches Schicksal ereilte den „vorwärts“ in der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus. Auslöser für das Verbot war eine Karikatur Erich Ohsers . Erneut mussten die Kreativköpfe ins Ausland fliehen . Dieses Mal ging es erst nach Prag und später nach Paris. Wieder schmuggelten sie ihre Ideen und Überzeugungen nach Deutschland, jetzt verpackt im Namen „Neuer Vorwärts “.
To represent completely different approaches was the "forward" never strangers. "Dissident machinations" were the editors repeatedly accused - with limited success. Several times the rulers were trying to "forward" to muzzle, around the Empire by Bismarck's anti-socialist laws of 1878-1890. The result was a publication ban, which lasted only briefly. In 1879, the immigrant "forward" from exile in Zurich. From there, he supplied under the pseudonym of "social democrat" his readers with the latest information and social-democratic central ideas.
(ORIGINAL GERMAN TEXT)
Konträre Ansichten zu vertreten war dem „vorwärts“ nie fremd. „Dissidentische Machenschaften“ wurden den Redakteuren immer wieder vorgeworfen – mit mäßigem Erfolg. Mehrmals versuchten die Herrschenden den „vorwärts“ mundtot zu machen, etwa im Kaiserreich durch die Bismarcksche Sozialistengesetze von 1878-1890. Die Folge war ein Publikationsverbot, was jedoch nur kurz währte. Bereits 1879 wanderte der „vorwärts“ aus ins Exil nach Zürich. Von dort aus versorgte er unter dem Pseudonym „Sozialdemokrat“ seine Leserschaft mit aktuellen Informationen und sozialdemokratischen Leitideen.
There have been at least two radical-left publications named "Vorwaerts" (the German word for "Forward"). One was the daily newspaper of the Social Democratic Party of Germany whose writers included Friedrich Engels and Leon Trotsky. It still publishes as the organ of Germany's SDP, though that party has changed considerably since World War II. Another was the 1844 biweekly reader of the Communist League. Karl Marx, Engels and Mikhail Bakunin are among the names associated with that publication.
East Germany named its Army soccer club ASK Vorwaerts Berlin (later FC Vorwaerts Frankfort).
The Obama campaign apparently didn't look backwards into history when selecting its new campaign slogan, "Forward" — a word with a long and rich association with European Marxism.
Many Communist and radical publications and entities throughout the 19th and 20th centuries had the name "Forward!" or its foreign cognates.
"The name Forward carries a special meaning in socialist political terminology. It has been frequently used as a name for socialist, communist and other left-wing newspapers and publications," the online encyclopedia explains.
The slogan "Forward!" reflected the conviction of European Marxists and radicals that their movements reflected the march of history, which would move forward past capitalism and into socialism and communism.