The active stage of the war ended on 27 July 1953, when the armistice agreement was signed. The agreement restored the border between the Koreas near the 38th Parallel and created the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), a 2.5-mile (4.0 km)-wide fortified buffer zone between the two Korean nations. Minor outbreaks of fighting continue to the present da
The armistice is still the only safeguard for peace on the Korean peninsula.
Three New Zealand Defence Force officers are involved in monitoring compliance of the Armistice Agreement between North and South Korea, while a fourth works as the contingent’s senior national officer and the New Zealand Defence Attache in Seoul.
The United Nations Command Military Armistice Commission (UNCMAC) was created to supervise the Armistice Agreement of 1953,
The agreement provided for:
A suspension of open hostilities
A fixed demarcation line with a four kilometre (2.4 mile) buffer zone - the so-called demilitarization zone
A mechanism for the transfer of prisoners of war
Although the Korean War Armistice Agreement stopped the fighting in 1953, it has yet to be replaced by a permanent settlement.
Military commanders from China and North Korea signed the agreement on one side, with the US-led United Nations Command signing on behalf of the international community. South Korea was not a signatory.
Armistice negotiations, initiated in July 1951, were ultimately concluded on July 27, 1953 at Panmunjom, in what is now the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).
In all, some 5 million soldiers and civilians lost their lives during the war.
Following China's entry on behalf of North Korea later that year, a stalemate ensued for the final 2 years of the conflict.
After some early back-and-forth across the 38th parallel, the fighting stalled and casualties mounted with nothing to show for them.
As far as American officials were concerned, it was a war against the forces of international communism itself.
Personnel from the Australian Army, RAAF, and RAN fought as part of the United Nations (UN) multinational force, defending South Korea from the Communist force of North Korea.
The Korean War began on 25 June 1950, when North Korean forces launched an invasion of South Korea.
On 25 June a North Korean army finally crossed into the southern zone and advanced towards the capital, Seoul. The city fell in less than a week
Over the course of the next few years, the Soviet Union fostered a strong communist regime in the north, while the US supported the government in the south; by mid-1950, tensions between the two zones, each under a different regime, had escalated to the point where two hostile armies were building up along the border.
The crisis in Korea originated in the closing phases of the Second World War, when control of the Korean peninsula, formerly occupied by Japan, was entrusted to the Allies, and the United States and the Soviet Union divided responsibility for the country between them at the 38th parallel.