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Korean War Armistice Agreement

Korean War Armistice Agreement

The active stage of the war ended on 27 July 1953, when the armistice agreement was signed. The agreement restored the border between the Koreas near the 38th Parallel and created the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), a 2.5-mile (4.0 km)-wide fortified buffer zone between the two Korean nations. Minor outbreaks of fighting continue to the present da

 

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The armistice is still the only safeguard for peace on the Korean peninsula.

Article: The Korean War Armistice
Source: BBC News

Three New Zealand Defence Force officers are involved in monitoring compliance of the Armistice Agreement between North and South Korea, while a fourth works as the contingent’s senior national officer and the New Zealand Defence Attache in Seoul.

Article: Korea
Source: New Zealand Government

The United Nations Command Military Armistice Commission (UNCMAC) was created to supervise the Armistice Agreement of 1953,

Article: Korea
Source: New Zealand Government

The agreement provided for:

A suspension of open hostilities

A fixed demarcation line with a four kilometre (2.4 mile) buffer zone - the so-called demilitarization zone

A mechanism for the transfer of prisoners of war

Article: The Korean War Armistice
Source: BBC News

Although the Korean War Armistice Agreement stopped the fighting in 1953, it has yet to be replaced by a permanent settlement.

Article: A Comprehensive Resolutio...
Source: United States Institute o...

Military commanders from China and North Korea signed the agreement on one side, with the US-led United Nations Command signing on behalf of the international community. South Korea was not a signatory.

Article: The Korean War Armistice
Source: BBC News

Armistice negotiations, initiated in July 1951, were ultimately concluded on July 27, 1953 at Panmunjom, in what is now the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).

Article: Background Note: South Ko...
Source: U.S. State Department

In all, some 5 million soldiers and civilians lost their lives during the war.

Article: Korean War
Source: History.com

Following China's entry on behalf of North Korea later that year, a stalemate ensued for the final 2 years of the conflict.

Article: Background Note: South Ko...
Source: U.S. State Department

After some early back-and-forth across the 38th parallel, the fighting stalled and casualties mounted with nothing to show for them.

Article: Korean War
Source: History.com

As far as American officials were concerned, it was a war against the forces of international communism itself.

Article: Korean War
Source: History.com

Personnel from the Australian Army, RAAF, and RAN fought as part of the United Nations (UN) multinational force, defending South Korea from the Communist force of North Korea.

Article: Korean War 1950–53
Source: Australian War Memorial

The Korean War began on 25 June 1950, when North Korean forces launched an invasion of South Korea.

Article: Korean War 1950–53
Source: Australian War Memorial

On 25 June a North Korean army finally crossed into the southern zone and advanced towards the capital, Seoul. The city fell in less than a week

Article: Korean War 1950–53
Source: Australian War Memorial

Over the course of the next few years, the Soviet Union fostered a strong communist regime in the north, while the US supported the government in the south; by mid-1950, tensions between the two zones, each under a different regime, had escalated to the point where two hostile armies were building up along the border.

Article: Korean War 1950–53
Source: Australian War Memorial

The crisis in Korea originated in the closing phases of the Second World War, when control of the Korean peninsula, formerly occupied by Japan, was entrusted to the Allies, and the United States and the Soviet Union divided responsibility for the country between them at the 38th parallel.

Article: Korean War 1950–53
Source: Australian War Memorial
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