Connecticut is named for the Connecticut River, the major U.S. river that approximately bisects the state. Its capital city is Hartford. Much of southern and western Connecticut is part of the New York metropolitan area; three of Connecticut's eight counties are statistically included in the New York City combined area, the tri-state area.
The population of Connecticut was 3,405,565 according to the 2000 U.S. Official Census. The most recent population estimate from the Connecticut Department of Public Health is 3,409,549 as of July 1, 2000.
The motto "Qui Transtulit Sustinet," (He Who Transplanted Still Sustains), has been associated with the various versions of the seal from the creation of the Saybrook Colony Seal. While the origin of the motto is uncertain, the late Charles J. Hoadly, a former State Librarian, suggested in an article entitled "The Public Seal of Connecticut," which appeared in the 1889 edition of the Connecticut State Register and Manual, that we look to the 80th Psalm as a possible source. "Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt: thou hast cast out the heathen, and planted it."
According to EPI, a decade ago Connecticut had the fifth-highest number of residents insured under an employer-based plan. In 2009, Connecticut had the third-highest percentage of residents covered under an employer plan.
According to new estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, Bridgeport remains the state’s largest city. Fairfield County, which provides the bulk of our tax revenue has the most growth — a good sign, perhaps. Hartford ticked up, perhaps a reflection of folks moving to the downtown.
This state has long been known for its superior productivity from the manufacturing methods developed by Eli Terry and Eli Whitney to the leadership position held today in the production of helicopters, jet aircraft engines, submarines, silverware and small firearms. America's first cigars, man-made combs, factory-made hats, plows, friction matches and the nations first commercial telephone exchange were products of the small state of Connecticut.
The General Assembly of 1897 provided an official description of the flag setting the dimensions at five feet, six inches in length and four feet, four inches in width, of azure blue silk, with the armorial bearings in argent white silk with the design in natural colors and bordure of the shield embroidered in gold and silver. Below the shield there is a white streamer, cleft at each end, bordered in gold and browns, the streamer bearing in dark blue the motto "Qui Transtulit Sustinet."
Connecticut had acrimonious boundary disputes with Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, and Pennsylvania. The most serious disagreement was with New York, which claimed the entire area from Delaware Bay to the Connecticut River. The issue was resolved in 1683 when the boundary was set 20 mi (32 km) east of and parallel to the Hudson River, although it was not until 1881 that Connecticut, New York, and Congress established the exact line.
In 1662, the Colony of Connecticut secured legal recognition by England. Governor John Winthrop, Jr., persuaded King Charles II to grant a charter that recognized Connecticut's existing framework of government and established its north and south boundaries as Massachusetts and Long Island Sound and its east and west borders as Narragansett Bay and the Pacific Ocean. In 1665, New Haven reluctantly became part of the colony because of economic difficulties and feat of incorporation into Anglican New York.
The Charter Oak became a symbol of the independence of the people of this state, when King James II revoked the Connecticut Charter in 1687.
Connecticut is a small state to be sure but it has been one of the most vigorously independent and productive since Dutch explorer Adriaen Block discovered the Connecticut River in 1614.