“The Aloha State” became the 50th state in 1959, but the history of Hawaii goes back centuries earlier. Roughly 1,500 years ago, Polynesians from the Marquesas Islands first set foot on Hawaii's Big Island. With only the stars to guide them, they miraculously sailed over 2000 miles in canoes to migrate to the Islands.
The State of Hawaii is a fifteen hundred mile long chain of 132 islands, reefs and shoals stretching from the southeast at about the latitude of Mexico City to the northwest at about the latitude of Houston. However, 99.9 % of the land area is on a fairly close group of eight major islands around the lower latitude. In land area only, the State is larger than Connecticut. The 1980 census showed a population of almost one million persons living in the State, with 80% of them living on Oahu.
Hawaii, "the Big Island," (or Hawai'i) from which the State gets its name, has about two-thirds of the land area. No one knows what the name means because it is probably part of a much older name, but one possibility is "Place of the Water of Life."
The first Polynesian settlers to land in Hawaii were most likely skilled in simple surfing, and after a few hundred years of riding the waves of Hawaii, the well-known Hawaiian form of the sport emerged.
The Hawaiians who surfed, the ali'i or high class, claimed the highest reputation for skill with boards on waves. They developed their own prayers, board shapers, wood and beaches where a select few could surf with people of their talent.
The first settlers to Hawai`i brought with them the more ancient Polynesian traditions and lifestyles. Over generations, they adapted their beliefs and ways of living to accommodate their new island home, adding new gods like Pele to their pantheon and honing new skills such as surfing. As a distinct Hawaiian culture took shape, it grew in response to Oahu's forests and coral reefs, Molokai's shallow offshore waters, Kauai's steep valleys, Maui's high summit and Hawai`i Island's ever-changing volcanic lands.
The Hawaiian culture is one of joy and a love of life and nature. Hawaiians cherish those who are near to them, such as family and friends. They have a reputation of being laid back, which should not be mistaken for laziness. Hawaiians are hard working, and as a culture highly educated.
Their reputation for being laid back has made them loved by many visitors and other locals.
You’re likely to hear that Hawaii is one of the most expensive places to live. Housing costs are an important factor in choosing whether to relocate to Hawaii and which island you should call home. Housing in Hawaii is usually going to cost you more than living on the mainland...The cost of groceries in Hawaii is quite high. Almost all of the foods you find at the grocery stores are shipped from the mainland. That isn’t they only reason it’s expensive, though. Grocers have to keep the food good and keep larger inventories. Don’t be surprised to walk into a grocery store and pay at least $7 for a gallon of milk or $3 for a cheap, general brand loaf of bread.
A provisional government was soon established, the Republic of Hawaii, under the leadership of Sanford Dole. Since then, Hawaii was annexed as a territory of the United States in 1901. But it was in 1959 when President Eisenhower signed the resolution to include Hawaii in the United States of America...One can say that when it comes to governance and a political system, Hawaii has one of the richest and well-established ones in the US. Though the issue about autonomy and the revolutions is still deep in controversy, one can't deny that Hawaii is one well-organized state.
2) Hawaii is the most isolated population center on earth. Hawaii is 2,390 miles from California; 3,850 miles from Japan; 4,900 miles from China; and 5,280 miles from the Philippines.
3) Hawaii is the only U.S. state that grows coffee.
HIram Fong is well known as the first Asian-American to serve in the U.S. Senate, as well as Hawaii's first Senator when Hawaii became a state in 1959. His political career spanned over 30 years, 14 years in Hawaii's Territorial House of Representatives, then 17 years in the U.S. Senate. He retired in 1977. He has also founded numerous successful businesses in Hawaii. Through the years he has received 11 honorary degrees and many other awards, nationally and internationally.
Each year Hawaii produces about 320,000 tons of pineapple.
In 1941, two years after World War II began in Europe, the Japanese sent hundreds of warplanes to Oahu’s Pearl Harbor to destabilize the U.S. Navy base, which it considered a threat...In the last fifty years, Hawaii has become an unparalleled tourist mecca and marine sanctuary and research center.
The Hawaiian language is a form of Polynesian language, and it was named after the island of Hawai’i, or Big Island. It is one of two official languages of the state of Hawaii, the other being English. As such, Hawaii is the only state in the US that has two official languages. The Hawaiian language has the same five vowels as English, but it only has seven consonants, a few of which are pronounced the same way as in English.