Iowa is a state located in the Midwestern United States, an area often referred to as the "American Heartland". It derives its name from the Ioway people, one of the many American Indian tribes that occupied the state. Iowa is the 26th most extensive and the 30th most populous of the 50 United States. Its capital and largest city is Des Moines.
Iowa's official flag was adopted in 1921. The flag was designed by by Mrs. Dixie Gebhardt, of The Daughters of the American Revolution of Iowa.
The flag has a red, white and blue background, like the French flag; this symbolizes the fact that Iowa became a part of the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase
In the 1850s, Iowa caught railroad fever like the rest of the country. Five rail lines were built. Iowans began to travel and goods could be easily transported, and the history of Iowa changed as the state became agriculturally important to the rest of the country.
Iowa always has been a "free state". Slavery never had a foothold here. But during many years preceding the Civil War the slavery question was a burning issue in Iowa politics.
Iowa has 6 hogs for every person in the state. There are nearly 19 million hogs being raised in Iowa. Iowa producers marketed nearly 30 million hogs in 2010.
Born Marion Robert Morrison in Winterset, John Wayne was the son of a pharmacist and grew up to become one of Hollywood's most popular movie stars.
Steamboat paddle wheelers reigned supreme on the Mississippi and Missouri rivers in the 19th century.
The state name is derived from the Iowa Native American people who once inhabited the area.
In 2010, Iowa led the nation in the production of corn, soybeans, pork and eggs.
Iowa requires all businesses including even churches and religious organizations to provide birth control options for their employees. "Here in Iowa they didn't make any allowance for religious practices at all," explained Tom Chapman with Iowa Catholic Conference.
The first constitution of Iowa State contained, in a number of sections, the word "white", limiting certain privileges to the white race. Only whites were allowed to vote, and to appear in court to testify. Not until after the war, and until after right to vote had been conferred on the negro race, was provision made for extending the common school system to "all the youth in the State".
When Iowa became a state in 1846, its capital was Iowa City; the more centrally located Des Moines became the new capital in 1857. At that time, the state's present boundaries were also drawn.
In exchange of the fertile Mississippi Valley lands of modern day eastern Iowa, the United States Government gave the Sauk and Fox a small amount of cash, 40 barrels of salt, 40 barrels of tobacco and some blacksmithing services. The tribes were ordered out of the area a year later.
during the first half of the 19th century, there was heavy fighting between white settlers and Indians. Lands were taken from the Indians after the Black Hawk War in 1832 and again in 1836 and 1837.
Iowa is the only state whose east and west borders are 100% formed by water. Missouri and Mississippi rivers.