Maine is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and south, New Hampshire to the west, and the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the northwest and New Brunswick to the northeast. Maine is both the northernmost and easternmost portion of New England.
From 2000-2006, the changes in the age distribution of Maine's population reflect national trends. That is, in Maine, there was a decrease in the percentage of the population under the age of 45 and an increase in the 45-64 age group. In comparison to national statistics, Maine was ahead of the curve with regard to the percentage point increase of people 45-64 years old and people 75 and older.
White pine, the state tree, is just one of a variety of trees in the state - there are also birch, spruce, balsam fir, beech, hemlock, maple, oak, and basswood. A shrub called speckled alder grows widely in the swamps, and wild blueberry bushes abound, yielding a big crop.
Congress established Maine as the 23rd state under the Missouri Compromise of 1820. This arrangement allowed Maine to join the Union as a free state, with Missouri entering a year later as a slave state, thereby preserving the numerical balance between free and slave states in the nation.
As Maine entered the 18th century, only a half dozen settlements still survived. By then, Massachusetts had bought up most of the land claims in this wilderness territory, an arrangement which lasted until 1820 when Maine separated from Massachusetts to become a separate state.
The first white settlement was established by the Plymouth Company at Popham in 1607, the same year of the settlement at Jamestown, Virginia. Because the Popham colony didn't survive the harsh Maine winters, Jamestown enjoys the distinction of being regarded as America's first permanent settlement.
No one knows for sure where the name Maine comes from. English explorers may have given Maine its name in the 1500's. The explorers traveled along what is not the northeast coast of the United States. The explorers visited islands off the mainland. They called the mainland Maine. This name set apart the mainland from the Islands that they were exploring. Some people think English settlers named Maine to honor England's Queen Henrietta Maria. She was married to King Charles I. He ruled Great Britain from 1625 to 1649. Queen Henrietta was the daughter of King Henry IV of France. Henrietta owned a region in France called Mayne.
The region's earliest inhabitants were descendants of Ice Age hunters. Little is known of these "Red Paint" people -- so named because of the red clay with which they lined the graves of their dead -- except that they flourished and hunted in Maine long before the coming of the Micmac and Abnaki Indian nations.
In 1629 Mason and Gorges, being friends, agreed to divide the province of Maine between them, and Mason called his part New Hampshire, after the county of Hampshire in England, of which he was fond. Mason and Gorges each now had an enormous tract of land, but they wanted still more.
NORTH of Massachusetts two more colonies, New Hampshire and Maine, were founded. But they were not founded by men who fled from tyranny, but by statesmen and traders who realised the worth of America, not by Puritans, but by Churchmen and Royalists. The two men who were chiefly concerned in the founding of these colonies were Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason. They were both eager colonists, and they both got several charters and patents from the King, and from the New England Company.
The U.S. state of Maine is located in the northeastern corner of the nation. The rugged, deeply indented coast of the state has about 70 lighthouses, which are covered by the Directory on two pages.