New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north.
New Hampshire was made the subject of sale and mortgage by speculators: but character had been established before interest, and rights were prized above property. A few hardy adventurers were the pioneers of this region, who though not impelled by the zeal of the Puritan, were well fitted for the labors of the forest, and the dangers of a wilderness inhabited by the savage.
The Atlantic Ocean creates a big difference between the climate near New Hampshire's coast and that of the rest of the state. In the winter, the ocean holds in heat and keeps the air fairly warm near the coast. Temperatures there hover around 25 degrees F. Higher up, in the White Mountains, the air can be chilling. Here, the temperature can plunge far below zero. New Hampshire's summers tend to be dry and cool, with temperatures averaging about 70 F. Most of New Hampshire's precipitation (rain, snow, sleet, and hail) comes in the form of snow. More than 100 inches of snow falls in the mountains each year, but the coast gets much less.
The Coastal Lowlands cover the southeastern corner of New Hampshire. This region stretches about 20 miles inland from the Atlantic Ocean. Sandy beaches blanket parts of the region's winding shoreline. Potsmouth, which lies near the coast, is the state's only shipping port.
1808: The state capital was established in Concord. New Hampshire is home to the nation's oldest legislative building in which the House and Senate still meet.
New Hampshire is known as a commercial center where businesses thrive. In the early 1900s, the state was home to both the largest textile mill and the largest paper producer in the world. New Hampshire’s economy continues to develop and change, with a growing community of businesses focused on technology, science and innovation.
New Hampshire has adopted many symbols over the past 200 years, beginning with the first state seal in 1775 and continuing to the most recent symbol, the State Tartan in 1995.
The flag, seal and various symbols are all ways the state identifies itself. They had been adopted by the legislature as symbolic of the state in one way or another.
Granite is a strong, rugged rock that is able to withstand harsh conditions. This rock, found throughout New Hampshire, gave the state its nickname, "The Granite State." Granite is an ideal representation of New Hampshire and its people - strong, tough, and supportive. The state of New Hampshire served as a cornerstone for the nation's future.
New Hampshire has 4 nicknames. The first is the one by which the state is commonly known.
Granite State: for our extensive granite formations and quarries
Mother of Rivers: for the rivers of New England that originate in our Mountains
White Mountain State: for the White Mountain Range
Switzerland of America: for our beautiful mountain scenery
English settlers who began arriving in New Hampshire in the 1600's found an abundance of natural resources in the state's mountains, forest, and lakes. The state's rugged terrain and fierce winter weather, however, made life in the wilderness difficult. New Hampshire's early settlers brought with them an independent and determined spirit.
New Hampshire’s “Live Free or Die” motto befits a state that was the first to declare its independence and the first to create a state constitution in January of 1776. Known for its fierce independence and commitment to democracy, New Hampshire was the ninth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution, thus allowing the Constitution to take effect. Continuing its proud tradition of democracy, New Hampshire is home to the largest state representative body in the nation with 400 State Representatives, and the state has hosted the first-in-the-nation presidential primary since 1952.