Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It is located on the Pacific coast, with Washington to the north, California to the south, Nevada on the southeast and Idaho to the east. The Oregon Territory was created in 1848, and Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859.
Oregon ranks second to California to the number of wineries, with 314.
Oregon attempted to make the transition from a resource based economy to a more mixed manufacturing and marketing economy, with an emphasis on high technology.
Oregon's state flag pictures a beaver on its reverse side. It is the only state flag to carry two separate designs.
The front of the flag features the words "STATE OF OREGON" and the year "1859," the year Oregon became a state. Between these is a heart-shaped seal that pictures a landscape with mountains, trees, elk, a covered wagon, and a British warship leaving and an American steamship arriving. The ships symbolize the transfer of the Oregon Territory from the British to the US in 1846
The Nike "swoosh" logo was designed by Portland State University student Carolyn Davidson in 1971 -- several years after business undergrad Phil Knight and track coach Bill Bowerman founded the company they originally called Blue Ribbon Sports.
One in 10 died along the way; many walked the entire two-thousand miles barefoot. The common misperception is that Native Americans were the emigrant's biggest problem en route. Quite the contrary, most native tribes were quite helpful to the emigrants. The real enemies of the pioneers were cholera, poor sanitation and--surprisingly--accidental gunshots.
Although slavery was declared illegal in 1844 by the Oregon Provisional Government, many people brought slaves with them across the Oregon Trail. Due to the length and difficulty of the journey, most slave owners brought only a few slaves West
The Trail used from 1840 to 1860 began in Missouri and ended in Oregon. It was about 2,000 miles long.
The Oregon Trail was much more than a pathway to the state of Oregon; it was the only practical corridor to the entire western United States.
Oregon is one of the most trade dependent states in the nation, and, to some extent, economic activity in other countries helps drive the state’s economy.
The Oregon hazelnut (Corylus avellana) was named the state nut in 1989. Oregon grows 99 percent of the commercial hazelnut crop produced in the US.
A treaty between the United States and Spain established the current southern border between Oregon and California. The treaty was signed in 1819.
It may derive from the word "ooligan" an Indian word for the smelt, a fish widely traded in the western parts of North America. Another possibility is a deritive of the French ouragan, meaning storm or hurricane.
In 1846, the border between U.S. and British territory was formally established at the 49th parallel – the part of the territory that was given to Britain would ultimately become part of Canada. Oregon was officially admitted to the union as a state on February 14th, 1859.