South Dakota is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States. It's named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux American Indian tribes. South Dakota is the 17th largest, but the 5th least populous and the 5th least densely populated of the 50 United States. South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889 and Pierre is the state capital.
Visit the awe-inspiring Mount Rushmore or view the magnificent carving of Crazy Horse. Take a trip through Custer State Park, in the heart of the Black Hills (where the buffalo roam) or the unique beauty of the Badlands.
Tourism is one of South Dakota’s largest industries, generating approximately $1.9 billion worth of economic activity each year and employing 33,000 people. More than 2.7 million people visit Mount Rushmore, South Dakota’s top attraction, each year.
Between four and six hundred white civilians and soldiers were killed. The number of Dakota killed in battle is not known.
The smelter in the background of hills represents the mining industry. The man with the plow represents farming. The cattle stand for dairying and the steamboat for transportation.
South Dakota's official flag was adopted in 1963. The flag is sky blue with state seal in the center (surrounded by yellow rays are the words, "South Dakota" and "The Mount Rushmore State"). South Dakota's state seal pictures a farmer plowing a field, a river, forests, mountains, a steamboat, and the motto, "Under God the People Rule."
Agriculture: alfalfa seed and grass seeds, beef cattle, corn, flaxseed, hay, hogs, oats, rye, sheep, spring wheat
South Dakota Codified Law allows for an execution to be carried out by lethal injection.
Inmates are required to pay for their incarceration costs if they do not have other financial obligations. Parents are responsible for juveniles.
the territory was incorporated into the union on November 2, 1889, along with North Dakota. Due to a controversy over which state would be admitted to the union first, President Benjamin Harrison shuffled the bills and signed one at random, with the order going unrecorded, though North Dakota is traditionally listed first.
The Enabling Act of 1889 created the states of both North and South Dakota ( Montana and Washington), one year before the Wounded Knee Massacre of 300 Sioux Indians, considered the last of the Indian Wars.
The U.S. acquired the region as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, and it was explored by Lewis and Clark in 1804–1806. Fort Pierre, the first permanent settlement, was established in 1817.
Settlement of South Dakota did not begin in earnest until the arrival of the railroad in 1873 and the discovery of gold in the Black Hills in 1874.
The U.S.-Dakota War of 1862 followed years of broken treaties and promises to the Dakota people combined with a burgeoning white population in the state.
More than 90 percent of South Dakota's land area was classified as farmland in the mid-1990s.
When Alaska and Hawaii joined the union in 1959, the National Geodetic Survey designated Belle Fourche, a ranch town of 4,500 residents in western South Dakota, the geographic center of the USA.
Sculptor Gutzon Borglum began drilling into the 6,200-foot Mount Rushmore in 1927. Creation of the Shrine to Democracy took 14 years and cost a mere $1 million, though it's now deemed priceless.