Disarmament is the act of reducing, limiting, or abolishing weapons. Disarmament generally refers to a country's military or specific type of weaponry. Disarmament is often taken to mean total elimination of weapons of mass destruction, such as nuclear arms. General and Complete Disarmament refers to the removal of all weaponry.
A string of teenagers have been slain (with knives or guns) in London, Liverpool and Manchester. Laws have been tightened, penalties for possessing knives increased and teachers given powers to search their pupils. But the latest measure looks largely symbolic, says Richard Garside, a criminologist at King's College, London. Despite the gory headlines, sword attacks are rare. A few famous cases stand out, such as the killing of a Liberal Democrat councillor in 2000.
Under the [New START] treaty, Russia and the United States agree to limit the number of nuclear warheads to 1,550 each, down from the ceiling of 2,200. The pact also establishes a system for monitoring and verification. The treaty was signed by Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev on April 8.
A recent study in the journal for Judgment and Decision Making assessed how the Iranian nuclear defense program has become a sacred value and how this affects negotiation over Iranian disarmament, an issue of growing global concern.
Whether discussing nuclear disarmament or reluctance to sell one’s lucky mug at a garage sale, using specific rhetorical strategies can make trade-offs seem less taboo and can facilitate conflict resolution. Tetlock and other psychologists have experimentally tested a number of strategies to demonstrate their effectiveness. One tactic is to describe tradeoffs in terms of “costs and benefits” and “analysis” rather than in terms of sacred values and money. This vague utilitarian language appears to mask the emotion-laden taboo nature of the exchange.
In an effort to make 2012 productive, Egypt in mid-March put forward a programme worded sufficiently vaguely to allow members [of the Conference on Disarmament] to get down to real work on the agenda. Its core issues are nuclear disarmament, a treaty stopping the production of fissile material, assurances that nuclear weapons will not be used on non-nuclear states; and preventing an arms race in space.
The reality is that the big nuclear powers prefer stagnation in the disarmament conference to surrendering the consensus rule. It allows them to stall any initiative they oppose.
Barack Obama is the first president to make nuclear disarmament a centerpiece of American defense policy. In April 2009, he made a speech in Prague laying out a vision of an eventual dismantling of all nuclear weapons. A year later, he announced a new nuclear strategy that narrowed the circumstances under which the United States would use nuclear weapons and traveled to Prague to meet Russia's president, Dmitiri A. Medvedev, where they signed a treaty that would pare back both countries' nuclear arsenals.
The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, or NPT, entered into force in 1970. It was claimed at the time as one of the most effective tools in curbing the spread of nuclear weapons and sought to codify the right of nations to use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes.
Disarmament talks are getting harder. Efforts to agree on a treaty banning production of fissile material have stalled for years because of objections from Pakistan. Now four years of bargaining over cluster munitions have failed—despite a drive by America, backed by Russia and China, to promote a deal that would have curbed but not banned the devices.
In spite of many UN special sessions on global disarmament, there is no end to arms race. World-view affirms that science and technology are being frequently used as instruments of exploitation, domination and distraction then as mean in the service of mankind.
Patriotism but not nationalism was found to be positively correlated with early paternal attachment while nationalism but not patriotism, was found to be significantly related to pronuclear armament views. The findings from this series of studies indicate that the analysis of individual differences in nuclear armament-disarmament policy attitudes has heuristic usefulness and may be useful for social policy in this area.