Nearly all of this population growth–97 of every 100 people–is occurring in less developed countries, some of which already struggle to meet their citizens’ needs. Gaps between rich and poor are growing. Urbanization and migration continue.
Climate change is of increasing concern and more people than ever are vulnerable to food insecurity, water shortages and weather related disasters. Meanwhile, many rich and middle income countries are concerned about low fertility and ageing.
Abortion — the "silent partner" of the IUD and the Pill — now became another lethal ingredient of population control. After 1967 it spread so fast that by 1978 only twenty percent of the world's people lived in places where there were laws against it. PPFA soon demanded public money to fund abortion because aborting poor children saved millions of dollars in welfare.
Shaped by powerful, if partially hidden, economic, political and cultural forces, the one-child family appears well on the way to becoming a universal norm in many countries. Pockets of higher fertility, driven by religious motivations and traditional values, will still exist. But, as in present-day Japan or Germany, most families will have no more than one child. The number of the aged will skyrocket, and the world's population will be in free fall. This is the real population problem.
It took until the first decades of the 19th century for the world's population to reach one billion people. A second billion was added by the 1930s. The next billion came by the 1960s, and in less than 20 years a fourth billion was added. The net increase in human beings between 1960 and 1983 equaled the total world population at the beginning of this century.
Planned population control including genocide is a difficult concept for Americans to accept. Even though the U.S. government helps finance the Red Chinese program of forced abortion, sterilization and infanticide, and helps finance the United Nations "family planning program," most people find it impossible to believe that such programs are really part of a larger plan to kill off large segments of the world's population.
Most historians of modern population control trace its roots back to the Reverend Thomas Malthus, an English clergyman born in the 18th Century who believed that humans would always reproduce faster than Earth's capacity to feed them.
Giving succour to the resulting desperate masses would only imperil everyone else, he said. So the brutal reality was that it was better to let them starve.
The United Nations has openly proclaimed that the world’s increasing population is a cause for concern. Likewise, the UN has advocated for its Agenda 21 program that seeks to bring about “sustainable development.”
Historically, human population control has been implemented by limiting the population's birth rate, usually by government mandate, and has been undertaken as a response to factors including high or increasing levels of poverty, environmental concerns, religious reasons, and overpopulation. While population control can involve measures that improve people's lives by giving them greater control of their reproduction, some programs have exposed them to exploitation.
The need for population control in India has been often emphasized. Within the country itself, large sections of the public, both professional and lay, favour the widespread use of contraceptive measures, but not pronounced personal views against birth-control are also prevalent.
China's family planning policy has prevented 400 million births, officials say.
Since the regulations were introduced in 1978, China has kept its population in check using persuasion, coercion and encouragement.
And it looks likely that, nearly 30 years after the policy was first introduced, it will not be relaxed to allow couples to have more children.