Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the transplantation of multipotent hematopoietic stem cells, usually derived from bone marrow, peripheral blood, or umbilical cord blood. It is a medical procedure in the fields of hematology and oncology, most often performed for patients with certain cancers of the blood or bone marrow.
A bone marrow transplant, more commonly known as a stem cell transplant, replaces damaged bone marrow with healthy bone marrow stem cells. Bone marrow is a spongy tissue found in the hollow centers of some bones. It contains specialist stem cells which produce the body's blood cells.
Bone Marrow Transplantation was first performed at UCLA in 1968 using a related allogeneic transplant to treat an 18 month old child with severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome.
A bone marrow transplant is a blood and marrow stem cell transplant. This replaces a person’s abnormal stem cells with healthy ones from another person (a donor). This procedure allows the recipient to get new stem cells that work properly. Stem cells are found in bone marrow, and they develop into the three types of blood cells that the body needs.
Autologous bone marrow transplant: "Auto" means "self." Stem cells are removed from you before you receive high-dose chemotherapy or radiation treatment. After these treatments are done, your stems cells are put back in your body. This is called a "rescue" transplant.
An allogeneic bone marrow transplant involves receiving very high-doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy, followed by the infusion of your donor's bone marrow or peripheral stem cells. The high-dose cancer fighting treatments are given to eliminate the cancer in your body.
Bone Marrow Transplantation is a form of intensive treatment used to treat certain cancers like leukaemias, lymphomas and some non-cancerous diseases like thalassaemia.
The recipient of a bone marrow transplant met her donor for the first time in her mother’s Aventura apartment.
in an announcement that caused a flutter of excitement and a wave of prudent skepticism, Berlin-based hematologist Gero Huetter claimed on Thursday that he has cured an HIV infection in a 42-year-old man through a bone-marrow transplant.
Researchers have for the first time performed a successful bone marrow transplant to cure sickle cell disease in adults, a feat that could expand the procedure to more of the 70,000 Americans with the disease -- and possibly some other diseases as well.
The stem cells can come from another person (a donor) – this is called an allogeneic transplant. Alternatively the cells can come from your own bone marrow – this is called an autologous treatment. However, this can only happen if the stem cells were removed at a time when they were healthy.
One of the most common reasons for a bone marrow transplant is that the patient has a leukemia that will not respond to chemotherapy. In these patients, any treatment that removes all of the tumor cells from the marrow also kills the stem cells thus leaving the patient with no ability to make new blood cells