Osteoporosis is a disease of the bones in which they become weak and thin, increasing the chance of fracture. Currently, it is believed to be a condition that one can only treat instead of cure. It has both environmental and genetic factors to its onset. Many prevent the condition from developing by living with a healthy diet and lifestyle.
An easily administered, once-a-day drug that makes brittle bones strong again has been discovered by scientists.
Given daily for six weeks, it fully cured osteoporosis in some cases and stopped it developing in others.
Although researchers have a strong understanding of the cause and progression of osteopororis, they are still searching for effective treatments and possible cures. The majority of treatments simply focus on the prevention of bone breakdown, but some researchers are looking at drugs that actually build bone. This treatment, developed at Columbia University in New York, has not yet been tested on humans -- as of 2010 -- but has the potential to be a major breakthrough in osteoporosis treatment.
A bone mineral density test measures bone mass in the heel, spine, hip, hand, or wrist. Measuring one area can give your health care provider a sense of your bone density in other parts of your skeleton. A bone density test can help detect problems before a fracture occurs.
Osteoporosis is a complex disease, thought to be mediated by an interaction between environmental factors and several different genes that individually have modest eﬀects on BMD
Just because someone has a predisposition for osteoporosis does not guarantee the development of the disease. Researchers believe there are several environmental factors that can speed up the onset of osteoporosis. If someone with a family history of osteoporis lives a healthy life, he or she is much less likely to develop the disease.
Osteoporosis may contribute to numerous spinal degenerative disorders, including spondylolisthesis and scoliosis. By far, however, the most common consequence of spinal osteoporosis is the vertebral compression fracture (VCF). With the aging of the population, osteoporosis and its complications will have staggering implications for all physicians involved in spine care.
One of the initial signs of osteoporosis is back pain or tenderness and sometimes a curving of the upper back. With osteoporosis, bones begin to weaken. This weakening is extremely dangerous in places such as the spine. If the vertebraes in the spine become too weak, they can actually begin to collapse on each other. Therefore, the growing prevalence of osteoporosis is definitely going to affect physiscians concentrated in spinal care.
Calcium and vitamin D supplementation are routinely prescribed as co-treatment with bisphosphonates in patients with osteoporosis. However, adherence to these treatments is poor despite evidence that vitamin D co-supplementation can enhance the therapeutic response.
The osteoporosis diet focuses on maintaining or building strong bones throughout life. The emphasis is on Calcium and Vitamin D, but a balanced diet, with adequate protein and fresh fruits and vegetables and moderate intakes of alcohol, is also recommended.
Osteoporosis is a disease that is easier to prevent than it is to treat. People's bones are constantly breaking down and regrowing. Up until about age 35 regrowth is faster than the breakdown; however, later on in life it reverses. Maintaining a healthy diet and nutrient intake for bones starting at an early age is incredibly beneficial for reducing the likelihood of osteoporosis. Even if the diease does develop, someone with healthy bones will be much better off than someone who has had weak bones for his or her whole life.
PREVENTION OF OSTEOPOROSIS: includes adequate lifetime intake of calcium (preferably from dietary sources) and Vitamin D, weight-bearing exercise, and drug therapy for patients at risk.
Anyone can get osteoporosis, but women are more likely to get it than men. You may be more likely to get it if you:
are over age 50
have a low body weight
have family members who had osteoporosis or broken bones
do not get enough exercise
drink alcohol (more than 3 drinks/day)
take certain medicines for a long time like seizure medicines or steroids
Bone is living tissue. Existing bone is constantly being replaced by new bone. Osteoporosis occurs when the body fails to form enough new bone, when too much existing bone is reabsorbed by the body, or both.
Osteoporosis is a disease that thins and weakens the bones to the point that they become fragile and break easily. Women and men with osteoporosis most often break bones in the hip, spine, and wrist, but any bone can be affected. You can't "catch" osteoporosis or give it to someone else.