The tobacco industry comprises those persons and companies engaged in the growth, preparation for sale, shipment, advertisement, and distribution of tobacco and tobacco-related products. It is a global industry; tobacco can grow in any warm, moist environment, which means it can be farmed on all continents except Antarctica.
Public health economists estimate the costs of smoking on society to be at least 65 billion dollars each year in lost productivity and health care expenditures. This would mean that every pack of cigarettes sold in the United States costs the economy $2.17.
Tobacco use is one of the leading preventable causes of death. The global tobacco epidemic kills nearly 6 million people each year, of which more than 600,000 are people exposed to second-hand smoke.
Philip Morris International Inc. (PM), the world’s largest tobacco company, said it plans to sell a new type of cigarette that poses lower health risks by 2017.
Proposition 29, which would boost taxes by $1 a pack of cigarettes to $1.87, would raise about $735 million annually, most of which would go toward cancer research.
Only seven states received a passing grade on their ALA Tobacco Prevention and Control Spending report card, with the other 43 and the District of Columbia receiving an F.
In the 1970s, Nordic countries were among the first to adopt policies against tobacco, like bans on cigarette advertising, health warning labels and smoke-free laws, but U.S.-owned tobacco companies, and particularly Philip Morris, makers of Marlboro, became concerned such polices could spread to America and other developed countries where they sold cigarettes.
Philip Morris and RJ Reynolds have flooded airwaves with warnings that the proposed $1 tax on cigarette packs is a flawed idea which would bloat government bureaucracy and funnel money out of the state.
In a world first, Australia has legislated for cigarettes to be sold from this December in drab olive packs with large health warnings and no brand logos. Only company names will be permitted on packets, and then only in small, standard type.
Tobacco companies’ claims that Australia was illegally seizing their trademarks with a law requiring cigarettes to be sold in plain packages was questioned by judges who said companies would still retain their brand names on the new packs.
With tobacco being one of the most commonly used addictive substances in the world, the industry will continue to grow in the coming years, though the growth is going to be faced with many challenges as countries put in place stringent laws to combat the health effects of consuming tobacco.
smoking rates were lower and more smokers said they intended to quit in markets where there was higher exposure to state-sponsored anti-tobacco ads, said study lead author Sherry Emery, a senior scientist at the Institute for Health Research and Policy of the University of Illinois at Chicago.