The social, psychological, and emotional impairment that can result from acne has been reported to be similar to that associated with epilepsy, asthma, diabetes, and arthritis.3 Patients evaluated at tertiary care centers are prone to depression, social withdrawal, anxiety, and anger and are more likely to be unemployed than persons without acne.
The diagnosis of acne is usually readily made. Acne is characterized by open and closed comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), which are present either alone or, more commonly, with pustules and erythematous papules concentrated on the face and upper trunk. Many systems for grading the severity of disease have been used. The severity of acne is generally assessed by the number, type, and distribution of lesions. From a therapeutic standpoint, the presence of scarring may lead to a more aggressive approach than normally pursued.
Squeezing, scratching or picking at pimples leads to more redness, swelling and inflammation. Plus, popped pimples are more likely to lead to acne scars.
Benzoyl Peroxide is an antibacterial ingredient prescribed by dermatologists as the preferred topical medicine for safe treatment for acne. It clears acne-causing bacteria on the surface, absorbs excessive oils and clear pores, while promoting greater cell exfoliation and renewal. Doctors also prescribe Green Tea, Urea and Allantoin to help soothe acne-irritated skin.
Men who work in places that put them in constant contact with grease and oil (restaurants and garages, for example) may find themselves breaking out more because oil creates an ideal environment for bacteria to reproduce. Although there’s no simple way to rectify this, they should clean skin gently at least twice a day and try to keep their hands from their faces at all times.
Acne has no cure—not with the most expensive prescription medication; not with the best over-the-counter system. However, acne can be healed and controlled with daily maintenance therapy with proven acne medicines.
The vast majority of acne breakouts can be successfully treated with topical over-the-counter medications. However, some more severe cases of inflammatory acne may require a combination of topical and oral medications prescribed by a dermatologist. Prescription acne treatments are required to be administered under a doctor's care because they have the potential to cause unwanted—and sometimes quite serious—side effects. For mild to moderate acne, regular maintenance therapy with a system that combines topical over-the-counter acne treatments is the safe and preferred way to go.
The causes of adult acne are not entirely clear. It may be linked to the behavior of certain sex hormones, particularly those called androgens, which control excretion from the oil-producing sebaceous glands. Other possible triggers include smoking, cosmetic use, stress or taking certain medications such as those used to treat epilepsy or depression. Some women may also have a genetic predisposition to the condition.
Acne is very common among teens. It usually gets better after the teen years. Some women who never had acne growing up will have it as an adult, often right before their menstrual periods.
Acne, or acne vulgaris, is a skin problem that starts when oil and dead skin cells clog up your pores. Some people call it blackheads, blemishes, whiteheads, pimples, or zits. When you have just a few red spots, or pimples, you have a mild form of acne. Severe acne can mean hundreds of pimples that can cover the face, neck, chest, and back. Or it can be bigger, solid, red lumps that are painful (cysts).