The autism spectrum or autistic spectrum describes a range of conditions classified as pervasive developmental disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Pervasive developmental disorders include autism, Asperger syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).
Sensory integration therapy is a type of behavior modification that focuses on helping autistic patients cope with sensory stimulation. Treatment may include having the patient handle materials with different textures or listen to different sounds.
People with autism have differences in the development of their thinking, language, behavior and social skills. The differences appear before age three, and can be diagnosed by 18 months.
People with special needs, specifically Autism Spectrum Disorder, have lives where everyday successes rely heavily on behavior modification. People with autism and other special needs also struggle with inclusion into typical society.
Behavior modification therapy serves two important roles in autism treatment. Behavioral therapy can reduce the frequency and severity of unwanted behavior such as head-banging or self-stimulation. Behavior modification also helps children with autism develop essential social, communication, and self-care skills.
This system, also known as CAPS, can be used in regular and specialized classrooms. Teachers work with each student to assess specific behavioral needs and set up a timeline of goals and milestones for social and behavioral growth. The Washington State Autism Guidebook states that this method is highly successful due to its transparency in methods and record keeping.
According to Interactive Autism Network, discrete trial training is used to establish new behaviors. Under this technique, a child is directed to do something or behave in a certain way by his therapist or parent. When the child engages in the behavior or completes the tasks the child will receive a reward for his behavior
more children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are being served in general education classrooms. Unfortunately, a number of these children engage in problem behaviors that might interfere with their own learning and can be disruptive to the general education classroom teacher and peers.
While autism research has made great strides in the past decade, the causes of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) remain unknown. Family and twin studies lend support to a genetic etiology, and other studies indicate neurobiological differences in the anatomy and function of the brain in individuals with autism.
The term "autism spectrum disorders (ASDs)" refers to a wide range of developmental disorders and includes five classifications. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, these disorders are usually first diagnosed in early childhood and range from a severe form, called autistic disorder, through pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), to a much milder form, Asperger's syndrome. They also include two rare disorders, Rett syndrome and childhood disintegrative disorder.
Autism is a complex developmental disability that causes problems with social interaction and communication. Symptoms usually start before age three and can cause delays or problems in many different skills that develop from infancy to adulthood.