Kinesiology, also known as human kinetics, is the scientific study of human movement. Kinesiology addresses physiological, mechanical, and psychological mechanisms. Applications of kinesiology to human health include: biomechanics and orthopedics, rehabilitation, such as physical and occupational therapy, as well as sport and exercise.
In the early seventies, a chiropractor, John Thie, DC, systematized kinesiology for the lay person, making the techniques simple and practical for anyone to learn. He wrote the book 'Touch for Health' , and began teaching courses to interested people. Since then the book has been translated into many languages and the system has been taught to millions of people in 50 countries.
Applied Kinesiology (AK), founded by Michigan chiropractor George J. Goodheart, Jr., is a popular diagnostic and therapeutic system used by many health care practitioners. In 1964, Goodheart claimed to have corrected a patient's chronic winged scapula by pressing on nodules found near the origin and insertion of the involved serratus anterior muscle. This finding led to the origin and insertion treatment, the first method developed in AK.
Kinesiology derives and incorporates knowledge from three different yet related sources: experiencing (or doing) physical activity (experiential knowledge), studying the theoretical and conceptual bases of physical activity (theoretical knowledge), and professional practice centered in physical activity (professional practice knowledge).
Kinesiology is a truly 'wholistic' system, because it looks at the whole person (not just at selected parts). Kinesiology as looks at all types of stresses which can cause disease, including emotional, nutritional, structural and electrical stress. The basis of Kinesiology is that the body is like an electrical piece of equipment, which is controlled by an incredibly complex computer, namely the brain; the brain is continually in communication with each of the 639 muscles in the body.
Movement and physical activity has a very powerful effect on health, wellness and disease prevention, and the field of Kinesiology is the leader in science and expertise in exercise, and applications to health promotion, disease prevention and healthy aging. The Health Care industry is the largest single industry in the United States, and the contributions of Kinesiology to this industry are growing everyday.
Kinesiology is a common name for college and university academic departments that include many specialized areas of study in which the causes and consequences of physical activity are examined from different perspectives. These include exercise and sport biomechanics, history, philosophy, physiology, biochemistry and molecular/cellular physiology, psychology, and sociology; motor behavior; measurement; physical fitness; and sports medicine.
The basic idea is that the brain monitors and controls the entire body through the rest of the nervous system. Because the nervous system also controls the state of the muscular system, a kinesiologist is able to tell something about the body by measuring how the muscles are working from moment to moment. This is usually done through a simple manual muscle test, in which the subject attempts to resist a force applied against the action of a muscle or group of muscles.
Kinesiologists describe movements of parts of the body or of the body as a whole in terms of the planes and axes in which the movements occur. It might be more expedient for those studying body motion in various cultures to look at such movement with the movement terminology of the kinesiologists.
Kinesiology claims to be a healing system that detects and corrects imbalances in the body before they develop into a disease, and which restores overall system balance and harmony. It is used to alleviate muscle, bone, and joint problems, treat all manner of aches and pains, and correct many areas of imbalance and discomfort.
Kinesiology can help identify blockages and balance a person. It is not used to diagnose, treat or work with named diseases. Kinesiology enhances the body's innate healing ability, but it is not a substitute for seeing a licensed doctor.