The ancient civilizations of the Eastern Hemisphere laid the foundation for the modern world. It may not be evident in our daily lives, but once we learn how and when innovations and technologies were created, we look at advancements that we take for granted. Many ancient contributions in the fields of mathematics, science, medicine, arts, architecture, as well as ideas and philosophies and government continue to influence our lives today.
The ancient Greeks were wonderful architects. They invented three types of columns to support their buildings. Each was beautiful. From a distance, each column looked straight, no matter which of the three designs they used. But up close, the columns might actually tilt a bit, or lean left or right, to better support each building. The Greeks wanted things to be beautiful, but they also wanted things to be strong.
The Romans were famous for their roads. There is a saying that “All roads lead to Rome”. This was definitely true. The Romans built about 85,000 km of roads across the empire. Roman roads were superbly made. Some Roman roads exist to this day, nearly 2000 years after they were made. The roads were used to link far-away provinces with Rome. The army used them to move soldiers quickly from area to area. Traders used roads to sell goods and food throughout the empire. The good road system also made it easier for the emperors to control their empire as messages and orders could be sent quickly. Roman roads were famed for being straight and well made. However, the Romans usually built roads around a natural obstacle rather than go through it.
In the United States, we measure time using the Gregorian Calendar. This calendar was developed by Pope Gregory during the Middle Ages. The Gregorian Calendar is used around the world for keeping track of time.
1. Calendars serve many important purposes. Besides listing the exact date, list as many features of the common modern calendar you can. Then, circle the features that are absolutely necessary and discuss your opinions with others.
2. Compare and contrast our modern day calendar to the ancient Enoch calendar. List as many similarities and differences you can.
Greek City-States and Governments
1. Take notes as you view the video. Pay close attention to the information presented on the commonalities of the Greek City States (or poleis).
2. Using your notes, identify common characteristics of the Greek City-States that are also found in modern American society today. Explain each of our examples using information from your notes.
Justify: Which of the classical period cultures (Ancient Roman or Ancient Greece) continues to have the most impact on our modern American society today?
Julius Caesar was such a famous and important leader in ancient Rome that they named a month after him - July, for Julius Caesar. Julius Caesar was an able administrator and a famous general. He wrote new laws and changed and improved how to rule provinces of the empire.
Roman citizens were divided into two classes, Plebeians and Patricians.
The plebeians were the lower class. They included everyone who was not a patrician. They were sometimes just called plebs.
Government under the Roman Republic
The Roman system of government might seem a little strange to us, but for them it worked for almost 500 years. The republic was run by the Senate. The senate passed all laws and collected all taxes. All members of the Senate were of the Patrician or wealthy landowner class.
The problems that led to the fall of the Roman Republic
The Roman Republic was in trouble. It had three major problems. First the Republic needed money to run, second there was a lot of graft and corruption amongst elected officials, and finally crime was running wild throughout Rome.
Introduction to the Constitution
This section covers the history of the Constitution of the United States. It includes information about the writing the Constitution, the Great Compromise, the Constitution’s signers, the Bill of Rights, the Amendments to the Constitution and what they mean to Americans, and much more. Let's get started...
The United States of America is located on the continent of North America. There are 50 states in the U.S. Forty-eight of the states form the contiguous United States. The U.S. borders on Canada to the north, and Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. On the east coast, the U.S. is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, and on the west coast it is bordered by the Pacific Ocean.