European imperialism reached its highpoint during the 19th century. Many European nations expanded their empires after acquiring new colonies,thus fulfilling their need for raw materials to bring wealth & power to their nations. Imperialism resulted in many benefits & consequences to both the imperialist nations & colonies throughout Asia & Africa
Although imperialism has existed throughout world history, European imperialism reached its highpoint during the 19th century. Several European nations expanded their empires after acquiring new colonies, thus fulfilling their need for raw materials to bring wealth and power to their nations. Imperialism resulted in many benefits and consequences to both the imperialist nations and the colonies throughout Asia and Africa.
Document A: Introduction to Imperialism
Imperialism occurs when a strong nation takes over a weaker nation or region and dominates its economic, political, or cultural life.
This type of foreign policy was practiced by European nations and Japan throughout the 1800s and early 1900s. In every case, a nation would experience industrialization prior to practicing imperialism on a foreign nation or region. This was due to the nearly insatiable demand for cheap raw materials and the need for markets to buy manufactured goods.
Document B: White Man's Burden
Rudyard Kipling, The White Man's Burden, 1899
This famous poem, written by Britain's imperial poet, was a response to the American take over of the Phillipines after the Spanish-American War.
Document C: Benefits or Consequences
In what way does this map of the network of railroads built by British colonizers in India by the end of the nineteenth century reveal potential benefits for both the imperialist and the native peoples?
Does it also reveal any potential consequences for either as well? Either way, explain your thinking below.
Document D: Benefits or Consequences?
French Cartoon on Imperialism in China
File:China imperialism cartoon.jpg
Document E: Imperialism in Africa
History TubeTV: European Imperialism in Africa
To what degree did the benefits of nineteenth century European imperialism outweigh the consequences?
• You must cite documents in this packet in addition to a minimum of three outside sources in your essay.
• You must also complete the bibliography page at the end of the essay.