The 1960's saw profound technological change: videotape arrived, and viewers began seeing their news in color.
Around 1907, two separate inventors, A.A. Campbell-Swinton from England and Russian scientist Boris Rosing, used the cathode ray tube in addition to the mechanical scanner system, to create a new television system.
It was in the years immediately preceding WWII that the television industry we know today was born.
Television was actually invented long before the technology to make it a reality came into being. As early as 1876 Boston civil servant George Carey was thinking about complete television systems and in 1877 he put forward drawings for what he called a "selenium camera" that would allow people to "see by electricity."
By the time modern television became a reality, in the mid 1930s, there had already been over 50 serious proposals for television.
Up to the 1920s, television was still called by a variety of names including: Radiovision, Seeing by Wireless, Distant Electric Vision, Phototelegraphy, The Electric Telescope, Visual Listening, Telectroscopy, Hear-Seeing, Telephonoscope, Audiovision, Radio Movies, The Radio Kinema, Radioscope, Lustreer, Farscope, Optiphone, Mirascope.
RCA, the company that dominated the radio business in the United States with its two NBC networks, invested $50 million in the development of electronic television.
The development of the television system was plagued by lack of money and by challenges to Farnsworth's patent from the giant Radio Corporation of America (RCA).
Electronic television was first successfully demonstrated in San Francisco on Sept. 7, 1927.
Earlier TV devices had been based on an 1884 invention called the scanning disk, patented by Paul Nipkow.
Riddled with holes, the large disk spun in front of an object while a photoelectric cell recorded changes in light. Depending on the electricity transmitted by the photoelectric cell, an array of light bulbs would glow or remain dark. Though Nipkow's mechanical system could not scan and deliver a clear, live-action image, most would-be TV inventors still hoped to perfect it.
Television was not invented by a single inventor, instead many people working together and alone over the years, contributed to the evolution of television.