Photography is the art, science and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film, or electronically by means of an image sensor. Typically, a lens is used to focus the light reflected or emitted from objects into an image
Today's more elegant softwares, high-speed, large-capacity computers, and high speed data lines have made this work quick and effective for deadline-oriented agencies and publications. The digital photography world has seen a level of progress since the early 1990's that equals the rapid advance in computer technology during this same time.
The production of the digital camera has allowed for many, many positive features for proffessional photography or casual photography. Technological advances like this help the world significantly, but at the same time, there are features of older appliances that some people like to keep. For example, the use of the "dark room" is a hobby that some people love and do not want to get rid of by investing in a digital camera.
In the film days, you didn't see these types of frequent technology advances. You could use the same film body for many years. Today, however, new digital bodies are being released so often that your digital camera is outdated almost from the minute you buy it.
Just as computers and communication technology is rapidly advancing, so is photographic technology. This means there is an increasing possibility of constantly better pictures being taken, providing more variety in photographs. Different cameras take different pictures. So as time progresses, photographs will become increasingly more diverse. This could help photography become more popular, or less popular, as an interest.
The birth of snapshot photography (i.e., unskilled amateurs taking images with their own cameras) is the story of the commercial success of George Eastman and his company Kodak (originally the Eastman Dry Plate Company). Eastman was the perfect example of the new entrepreneurial spirit in the United States in the last decades of the nineteenth century. His business vision in combination with knowledge of technology was critical in the invention of the consumer camera coupled with developing and printing as a service. Kodak’s products and ‘photo-finishing’ service, and the wide adoption of both by unskilled amateurs, transformed photography perhaps as much as did the announcements in 1839.
In its more than 170 years of culture, domestic photography has experienced three major sources of change: the invention of photography, the first consumer camera and service, and the digitalisation of image capture. We argue that designers and engineers should understand the history of technology: without knowledge of the past, it is impossible to assess the novelty, innovativeness, and potential impact of a new technology.
The adaptability of camera vision has made photography a standard of accurate perception in many fields. Many disciplines depend upon the camera eye to see hat the human eye cannot, whether this be to trace the development of plant fungi, to look for soft landings on the moon, or to decide a photo finish of the Kentucky Derby.
The first photo picture – as we know it – was taken in 1825 by a French inventor Joseph Niepce. It depicts a view from the window at Le Gras. There is little merit in this picture other than the fact that it is the first photograph taken and preserved.
It is believed that Camera Obscura was invented around 13-14th centuries, however there is a manuscript by an Arabian scholar Hassan ibn Hassan dated 10th century that describes the principles on which camera obscura works and on which analogue photography is based today.
"Photography" is derived from the Greek words photos ("light") and graphein ("to draw") The word was first used by the scientist Sir John F.W. Herschel in 1839. It is a method of recording images by the action of light, or related radiation, on a sensitive material.
The second known element of a working camera was the existence of materials capable of permanent change when exposed to light. These light sensitive chemicals were experimented with for centuries but were not used to coat a flat surface until very recently.
The first element of a working camera known by the ancients is the effect of a lighted area separated from a dark area with only a pin hole opening between them. An inverted (upside down) image of the lighted area will be produced on a flat surface in the dark area. As early as the 1400's it was documented that inserting a lens in the hole would produce a crisper, clearer image. This technology, called "camera obscura" was often used by artists to sketch objects more quickly and ease the difficulties of depth perception. The image was allowed to be projected on a piece of paper inside a dark box and the artist would trace outlines of the projected image.